WO2014146140A9 - A mnemonic relative position international keyboard system set on new focus field platform - Google Patents

A mnemonic relative position international keyboard system set on new focus field platform Download PDF


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WO2014146140A9 PCT/IB2014/002239 IB2014002239W WO2014146140A9 WO 2014146140 A9 WO2014146140 A9 WO 2014146140A9 IB 2014002239 W IB2014002239 W IB 2014002239W WO 2014146140 A9 WO2014146140 A9 WO 2014146140A9
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WO2014146140A2 (en
WO2014146140A3 (en
Nancy Beth ORR
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Orr Nancy Beth
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Publication of WO2014146140A3 publication Critical patent/WO2014146140A3/en
Publication of WO2014146140A9 publication Critical patent/WO2014146140A9/en



    • G06F3/00Input arrangements for transferring data to be processed into a form capable of being handled by the computer; Output arrangements for transferring data from processing unit to output unit, e.g. interface arrangements
    • G06F3/01Input arrangements or combined input and output arrangements for interaction between user and computer
    • G06F3/02Input arrangements using manually operated switches, e.g. using keyboards or dials
    • G06F3/023Arrangements for converting discrete items of information into a coded form, e.g. arrangements for interpreting keyboard generated codes as alphanumeric codes, operand codes or instruction codes
    • G06F3/00Input arrangements for transferring data to be processed into a form capable of being handled by the computer; Output arrangements for transferring data from processing unit to output unit, e.g. interface arrangements
    • G06F3/01Input arrangements or combined input and output arrangements for interaction between user and computer
    • G06F3/02Input arrangements using manually operated switches, e.g. using keyboards or dials
    • G06F3/023Arrangements for converting discrete items of information into a coded form, e.g. arrangements for interpreting keyboard generated codes as alphanumeric codes, operand codes or instruction codes
    • G06F3/0233Character input methods
    • G06F3/0237Character input methods using prediction or retrieval techniques


The invention is a system comprised of a suite of tools and steps resulting in solutions and component attributes to optimally produce a writing instrument to serve the need for a small keypad on electronic devices in a global marketplace. Qwerty was designed for the mechanical typewriter age with an ad hoc arrangement of letters, which inhibits the invention of new devices. OrrPad maximizes motor- skill on the small platform to optimize a digital writing instrument for electronic interface, that best accommodates the world's writing systems, permitting a vast new ecosystem of devices. Orrpad can be integrated to a mouse to form a Mousekeypad combo for controlling computer devices.


PCT PATENT APPLICATION versus 10x3 as a platform is analogous to base- 10 as a system for counting versus base-2 as a binary

Title: A mnemonic relative position International system.) Just as the Qwerty-style adds or subtracts keyboard system set on a new focus-field platform. the number of keys as needed. For example,

Inventor: Nancy Beth Orr, California USA Qwerty expands keys on a keyboard to accommodate function, punctuation keys, etc. OrrPad too, may add or detract keys as needed to ABSTRACT the 5x6 or 6x5 base for specific needs or devices.

The invention is a system comprised of a suite of In order to discover a platform for the optimal tools and steps resulting in solutions and digital writing instrument, all focus field grids that component attributes to optimally produce a approximately fit under one hand were evaluated writing instrument to serve the need for a small and the world's major languages and their writing keypad on electronic devices in a global systems were analyzed to find structural marketplace. Qwerty was designed for the mnemonic elements within each language to build mechanical typewriter age with an ad hoc a mnemonic pattern out of those elements for arrangement of letters, which inhibits the invention each, that best enhances memory and motor-skill. of new devices. OrrPad maximizes motor-skill on This task revealed that of all possible focus field the small platform to optimize a digital writing grids, the 5x6 or 6x5 format was the best platform instrument for electronic interface, that best for the maximum number of world's languages, accommodates the world's writing systems, while still being small enough to be used under permitting a vast new ecosystem of devices. one hand, or reached by one thumb. Some languages can be accommodated and claimed on a

OrrPad meets the motor-skill and language needs 5x5 and others could use larger platforms, such as for new devices and emerging global marketplace 5x8, 6x8, etc. The prior art reveals a few 6x5 far better than Qwerty. Its small platform and layouts in the Latin script, but all fail to adequately optimized motor-skill allows typing accuracy on show or teach how to create a global platform to small devices, not possible with a micro-Qwerty, serve as a digital writing instrument, of the world's resulting in new devices and the possibility of an key writing systems, with both Latin and non- education in the pocket of billions of children Latin keypads within one system, and provide new worldwide, which the too-wide, two-handed, systems for punctuation, function accents and inherently poor motor-skill Qwerty prohibits. special letters. An ABC 6x5 vertical or horizontal Children do not need a big two-handed keyboard, is also claimed without the cross mnemonic. just an OrrPad as a typing device that enables

proper and accurate typing, in the world's 2. A keyboard mnemonic of language languages; that stores lessons in its drive, and properties: A mnemonic is a memory aid of the serve as a combination mouse-keyboard that can many bits comprising a greater whole, whereby connect to other PCs, monitors or web without the each part has a relationship within the whole that need for a big PC, separate mouse or big keyboard. the brain recognizes, which by memorizing the whole, one memorizes the detailed myriad of

Orr Pad keypad design logic is analogously parts.

equivalent to the potential benefits of proposing a A melody, for example, is a mnemonic, as each metric standard of measurement over the arbitrary note is memorized as the details of remembering medieval standard of inches and feet. The Orr Pad the melody as a larger entity. Once one begins the system allows the construction of a matrix of song as a whole, the minute details are durably human language on a tiny keypad that can fit on remembered, often for life. If the same musical the increasing array of electronic devices, with one notes were to be scrambled, very few of the single hardware software worldwide where each units of notes would be memorized. Memory is language is organized in a common way so preferential to learning sequences, strings, blocks, memory-friendly that user can cognitively pitch patterns, cross-pattems or other patterns of memorize the layout scheme at first use- in any related units of individual bits of memes, while language. The Orr pad system provides a writing unrelated information bits tends to be discarded by instrument and communication tool for the the brain as orphans. The alphabet order is a potent electronic age in a global communication era. mnemonic string as it is learned when we are very young. The use of the alphabet on a two-handed

1. The OrrPad System is based on a 5x6 or 6x5 typewriter where the alphabet order is broken grid as the structural point of departure rather than

between two hands is harder to control as a tool. the 10x3 so-called "standard" layout. (5x6 of 6x5

Whereas the OrrPad presents the full writing set of letters under one hand on a focus field ready for seeks to maximize the memory of a brain-map of operation as a writing tool. Unlike Qwerty, that is the location of keys to enhance motor-skill. Each an ill-conceived jumble of letters with no OrrPad is a Meme-Matrix on a focus-field small mnemonic whatsoever, the OrrPad system creates enough to satisfy as a one-hand writing instrument. mnemonic layouts where each letter has a One-Hand 5x6 or 6x5 Grid focus field enables qualitative relationship to all other letters in a the reach of all keys under one hand without spatial pattern that the brain recognizes. looking at the keys; much as an accountant can

The OrrPad organizes the world's writing systems keep eyes on a spreadsheet while rapidly operating mnemonically on the 5x6 or 6x5 grid in the best a ten-key calculator, because the calculator is meme-matrix layout possible to enhance motor- entirely under one hand and number order is skill. OrrPad balances a letter mnemonic with the relative. Eyes stay on the page, not looking at the neurophysiological and physical factor underlying keyboard. Users can look at the monitor, TV optimal human tool-use, as well as the modern screen if OrrPad is on a remote, pilots out the need to have a small keypad suitable for the window, or soldiers can keep eyes on their heads- electronic and Internet age, while reflecting up display while typing, not looking at the existing writing and language customs. A matrix keyboard. The 6x5 grid is claimed in this patent as of language values is identified in each specific a new use as an omni-mode global writing language or writing system organized in a instrument, but since mnemonic vertical finger mnemonic layout on the 5x6 or 6x5 grid or more assignments are lost, 5x6 is a second choice. grids if possible. Mnemonic strings or mnemonic Cross-Coordinate Navigation of vowels and blocks of letters sometimes cross-positioned, and consonants, or other Mnemonic blocks of other preferably with vertical finger assignments to sublanguage properties, as reference coordinates to system of creating mnemonic layouts in the create a relative position "map" to locate keys, world's languages by arranging upon the 5x6 akin to a musical instrument where each platform, the letters of each language are sound/letter has a predictable relationship to all organized as mnemonic grids, mnemonic blocks, others and to the whole.

preferably in vertical column finger assignments, The OrrPad preferred mode was selected for use and by other methods to create a mnemonic layout. by the blind. The layout can be cognitively

The OrrPad objective is to provide the ideal memorized at first use, and with minimal practice, writing instrument for electronic devices, that can it may be operated with one-hand without the need permits a new ecosystem of useful devices, to to look at the keypad. However, there are many maximize motor-skill and linguistic accessibility. other layouts also claimed within this system. The best possible technique to achieve the digital One Thumb Stamp and Masking mode allows writing instrument ideal is a small meme-matrix the keypad to be operated as small as a postage comprised of mnemonic threads of letters cross- stamp, if the software has an OrrPad claimed woven into an x-y grid, which confers geo-location "masking" feature, which masks all but a small attributes akin to the x-y coordinates of latitude point of finger contact to allow precision selection. and longitude grids on maps. Instead of numbers

Vertical Alphabet allows finger assignments to be imposed artificially on a map, the OrrPad

more readily memorized in alphabetical order. identifies intrinsic linguistic properties and

patterns of the writing systems of the world and Index Finger Fan layout allows the "smarter" arranges them into a mnemonic matrix unique to index finger the range of freedom to observe its the writing system of each language. Because the natural fan motion to cover keys of columns A&E. properties are already in the brain of the native

Thumb Sweep allows the thumb to access speaker, the brain will intuitively recognize that

function keys in a natural horizontal sweep below each letter has a qualitative relationship to all other fingers and in a natural Toggle between thumb and keys in a woven spatial-linguistic pattern the brain fingers to alternate between functions and letters. will recognize through use, similar to musical

instruments, which organizes each sound to have a Key Assignment Load of each finger is qualitative relationship to all other sounds in a commensurate with the neural capacity of each spatial relationship that reflect those qualities. finger. A "smart" finger, such as the index finger Sounds are organized along a "spine" as a point of (due to higher neuronal capacity) has more keys reference all variant sounds, ideally in a grid. assigned to it. Whereas Qwerty has more keys However, on the OrrPad, language properties are assigned to the less coordinated baby fingers. organized as mnemonic strings instead of musical Global Language Scripts: For billions across the notes. Other keyboard layouts tout virtue based on globe, and for those who write in multiple frequency of use or other criteria, while OrrPad languages, this system can be applied to any script. An Education in every child's pocket worldwide calculate distances along a tidy xy axis, since keys is possible, as the OrrPad can serve as an are uneven and offset, and not even arrayed in a educational platform on handhelds to allow kids to tidy honeycomb. (2) Qwerty assigns the bulk of type correctly with an easy punctuation system on letters and shift duty to the pinkies, which are the a small hand-pad, rather than typing acronyms weakest fingers, and the fingers with the least such as OMG and THNX because Qwerty at 10 amount of brain matter dedicated to their control. keys wide is ill suited for handheld use. One (2) The 10x3 base requires two hands, which are cannot type a term paper easily on a Qwerty essentially two wide and fuzzy focus fields. (3) smartphone, but could with an OrrPad handheld. Qwerty forces us to engage the hands and brain in an unnatural symmetric use of the hands, rather

Universal Application of OrrPad is possible for

than complementary cooperation of the left and computers, TV, public kiosk, vehicle air or sea

right hands, which ordinarily is a hallmark of craft, or on any device (PC/PDA/Mp3/Phone/GPS)

human tool use, ever since man acquired the to enable a universal input system.

ability to use tools. The human brain divides responsibility between the two hands: the so-called


less dominant hand (usually the left) The 10x3 base interferes with the brain's optimal preference

The invention is a global keyboard platform to use tool in a complementary rather than system. The OrrPad solves the need to provide a symmetric relationship.

small one hand or one thumb capable keypad that

can fit on the increasing array of small electronics The Qwerty layout is not an ordered system. It is a on which the Qwerty design is ill-fitting at 10 keys myth that it was designed to separate the most wide while the preferred embodiment of OrrPad is frequently used pairs, as the letters ER is the most a narrower 5 or 6 keys. frequently used pair in the English language. The

Qwerty layout was designed as a sales gimmick

A novel or new use of the 5x6 or 6x5 grid as a that put the letters that spell YOUR keyboard platform standard as the structural point TYPEWRITER on the top row so that salesmen of departure upon which to set the world's writing had two words they could type for prospective systems in mnemonic layouts that maximize buyers, to conceal from potential buyers the motor-skill and thus accessibility for both the able difficulty of using Qwerty.

and disabled, to create a global electronic writing

instrument to serve everyone. This small form- It is so difficult to memorize the layout of Qwerty factor makes possible a whole new class of even on a full size keyboard that before auto- computer products, promoting business and correct secretaries were needed to work fulltime to communication opportunity, and enables an type for others. Navigating "asdghjkl" or: education in every child's pocket worldwide. "zxcvbnm" of the "qwertyuiop" is difficult because there is no mnemonic pattern to help

FIELD OF THE INVENTION: memory. The Miss Nimble Fingers USA typing This invention satisfies the pressing need for a champion of 1952 needed 1 ,660 hours of practice small, comfortable, memory-friendly multi-lingual per year, for 6 years, to achieve her typing speed. alphanumeric optimized global one-hand keyboard Typing was so difficult that secretaries were system as an efficient writing instrument. The Orr essentially trained specialists at typing: hired to Pad one-hand form permits a new ecosystem of type other people's thoughts. The typist was so electronic devices. It increases access for the able valuable, they spent their time typing, not thinking. or disabled, on devices that are one or two-handed, Today, everyone needs to do their own thinking watch-sized, palm-sized, desktop or laptop sized, and their own typing for email, web, and document mounted, virtual reality, and in the small form creation. Kids now average up to as many as 100 much needed for the world's writing systems, the texts per day, most of which without correct new array of small electronic devices for billions punctuation, capitalization, or spelling absent of new users, and an education in every pocket. automated spelling correction. Students need a handheld that allows them to use it for educational purposes and to create bona fide documents.

PRIOR ART: OrrPad offers an educational tool in every pocket.

The 10x3 Qwerty-style standard keyboard base

Qwerty results in texting OMG and THNX on discourages, rather than encourages, motor-skill.

smartphones, instead of writing words out properly ( 1 ) The 10x3 base has each key in an uneven offset

or relying on predictive text correction. Micro- relationship to its neighbors, instead of a grid,

qwerty is a poor writing tool and discourages which discourages motor-skill, as the brain cannot proper punctuation. It thus cannot serve as a key that users adopt new skills every year, with every educational platform, as kids cannot write properly new product, so it is possible for the industry to on micro-Qwerty absent auto-correct, and teachers finally give the world a best mode writing-tool, are concerned about the negative impact it has on which would be a benefit to humanity; for the writing and typing ability of young people. example, billions of children could have an education in their pocket if they had a better digital

The QWERTY Division of Labor is a Problem:

writing tool allowing them to write properly, while manufacturers better profit by opening a large new ecosystem of a new class of products to be made.

OrrPad can incorporate outside innovations into its system. It appears no one has hitherto recognized the potential of the OrrPad principles and elements to the point of proving a viable platform system as Orrpad has done. Where there is the incidence of isolated 5x6 or 6x5 base keyboard layouts or other OrrPad features, which was not developed into a system, they need not be orphaned. Suitable layouts or other Orrpad compatible features in the public domain or under a prior patent can be incorporated into the Orrpad. No claim is made for any prior art in the public

Figure imgf000006_0001
domain that is incorporated or prior art that is

Mnemonic cross positioning: OrrPad teaches licensed into the Orrpad family. However, Orrpad how to weave patterns of the world's writing has advanced beyond the prior art, and has systems to serve as mnemonic keyboards. Each established its own claims including a new claim key or sound has a qualitative relationship to all of a platform system and a system for creating other keys in a spatial pattern, analogous to a mnemonic layouts. OrrPad substantially teaches its musical instrument or spatial location benefits of system, including why and how to draft mnemonic latitude and longitude. For example: keyboard layouts for the 5x6 platform.

1 . ABC and AEIOU are cross-position in latitude

Examples of devices on which OrrPad may be and longitude coordinates like GPS navigation.

applied: email and web capable phones, PDAs, This applies to Roman, Cyrillic and Greek writing

music players, navigation systems, all-in-one one- systems and their many derivative languages.

handed combination mouse-and-keypad for PC

2. ABC order is intact for vowels and consonants. (MousekeyPad), multi-function combination a A new column begins at each vowel. portable hard-drive with self-contained keypad

(OnePad), virtual reality SpacePad where one may

3. Each finger is assigned a vowel and all the

merely type in space, a WatchPad, an letters in that column. Thumbs control its natural

alphanumeric capable remote control or calculator sweep of functions and punctuation. Users will

and a musical instrument, etc.

acquire definitive motor-skill just be using the pad.

"Cross-navigational" coordinates, allows the brain Featured is an optimal method for organizing to maximally locate keys: mentally memorizing human language as a mnemonic matrix that allows the layout with one use and acquiring maximum a user to maximally memorize a layout at first use, motor speed with minimal practice. For optimal applicable to multiple languages, resulting in the memory, the pad is oriented vertically. achievement of a woven matrix of human language. Introduced is a cross-navigational

OrrPad does not organize all writing systems like memory mnemonic of blocked or woven threads Roman, Cyrillic and Greek. Korean cross- of linguistic properties applicable to multiple positions vowels and syllables without an languages. Proprietary methods teaches how to intersection. Brahmi OrrPads weave places of achieve Relative Position System typing whereby articulation, while Japanese is organized according each key and character has a maximal qualitative to vowel sounds. Chinese, Arabic and Hebrew relationship in spatial pattern of each key to all each employ unique layout techniques. other keys, akin to a musical instrument, thus

We all benefit if the world is finally given the aiding user interface, cognitive memory, motor- option of a layout that can serve as a better one- skill and utility. Intervals of sound in a spatial hand writing tool. The industry already requires pattern are the two related mnemonic properties of how music is memorized by the human brain. The spatial, structural sequential, and linguistic OrrPad applies both properties by organizing the relationship to the whole. Through blocking and writing systems of human language similar to the cross-navigation, the Orr Pad gives each part way a musical instrument is organized. The (letter) a spatial and linguistic relationship to the OrrPad arranges letters of over 150 languages into whole in a system. Like GPS, RPS (Relative a mnemonic where each sound has a qualitative Position System) typing, with cross-coordination relationship to all other sounds in a spatial pattern. of references, establishes planes of latitude and longitude and allows the brain to maximally

Other features of the OrrPad system includes: calculate the positions of keys.

accent access methods, hardware design principles,

user skill principles, disability aides, a scientific Cross Navigational Arrangement of the Roman calculator, language matrix techniques and musical Character Set: Consonants are in vertical keypad, etc. The Orr Pad provides one keypad alphabetical order in columns begun with the worldwide that can fit on small electronic devices occasion of a Vowel: which are laid in horizontal or any application requiring keyed entry or alphabetical order serving as reference points. mnemonic display of letters. Each finger moves up and down to control the vertical domain of resident consonants below its

With less practice than on Qwerty, the preferred assigned vowel while retaining alphabetical order. embodiments of the Orr Pad system can be Vertical arrangement allows instant alphabetical optimally used one-handed without looking at the memorization of letter assignments for each finger. keyboard. This is useful at the desk for one-handed A keypad with an innate logic where each part operation of a keypad or a combined mouse-and- (letter) has a spatial and linguistic relationship to keypad for use by one hand; and essential for the whole as a system provides a mnemonic and mobile handheld PDA or phone units, GPS motor memory structure; and thus, the enabling of navigation in a moving vehicle; military blind and virtual reality spacekeypads.

applications and other one-handed, virtual reality

or sight-less need situations. English and the Roman character set is the base with 1 15+ accents, to serve 48 languages and up to

Path of Invention: The invention is based on

2 billion speakers. Alternative character sets expertise in the acquisition of motor-skill and

currently offered and organized with a common analysis of the world's writing systems

logic include: Greek, Cyrillic, fully accented representing 50 languages and over 250 million

A Common Organization of Language- One

speakers; Chinese ideograms serving over 2 billion human brain has produced the myriad of unique

people; Japanese, 1 10 million speakers; Korean, and varied human language. The Orr Pad keypad

63 million speakers; Brahmi scripts with 1 billion system converts into practical technology a

speakers of more than 16 languages; Arabic, for common method to organize and present different

400 million speaking 27 languages; and Hebrew. writing systems on one keypad tool; that both

echoes the way the human brain innately organizes

Accent System- The Roman character languages language and reflects and respects five-thousand

(except English) require accents to understand years of local writing customs.

written communication. Orr Pad introduces a robust and highly intuitive accent system to finally

Orr Pad Mnemonic Blocking and/or Cross

make easily accessible the 100 or more accents of Navigation is a technique whereby linguistic

the Roman character set, accents for the Cyrillic properties are displayed in a block or pattern as a

character set and any other character set with their mnemonic aid; ideally in a cross arrangement of

myriad array of diacritics and special characters. vertical and horizontal coordinates to assist in the

This accent system includes an innovative location of keys. This is similar to astronomical,

Sequential shift key to access accents by tapping a celestial maritime or GPS navigation systems;

shift or option key to choose the desired accent except Orr Pad is somewhat like a musical

clustered on its host letter. The accent system may instrument in that each letter has an innate

be deployed as software on Qwerty systems as qualitative relationship one to the other by

well as Orr Pads.

blocking and crossing linguistic values rather than

merely superimposing a numbered grid as in GPS.

Hand Brain Language Tool Axis- The Orr Pad The use of linguistic properties make the Orr Pad

hardware preferences were designed informed by technique akin to a musical instrument in that each

the way the human brain and hand produces tool sound has a spatial and an innate pitch relationship

use. The homo-sapiens brain development of to every other sound and here each key has a increased lateralization, which enabled the fine Vertical movement is the "Y axis" of the keypad. articulation of tools, is a precondition neural Moving the typing hand horizontally on (the X change that allows the articulation of detailed axis) reduces motor-skill. Arranging most keys in language: including writing skill. Orr Pad research a vertical arrangement increases motor-skill. has produced a preferred embodiment, which

A World Language Matrix keypad enables a offers a one-handed pad to exploit this innate

Rosetta Stone type tool and writing instrument for human right-hand, left-brain Language Tool Axis.

either modern or ancient languages.

Finger channeling flow is vertical the way fingers

move with an open index finger fan to exploit its

Other Applications- A member of the Orr Pad range and relative neural "intelligence". All

system is a combination mouse and keypad assignments are according to the unique neural and

(mousekeypad) is introduced; plus the relative coordination capacity of each finger. The

spacekeypad, watchkeypad, Orr Pad scientific thumb movement is in a toggle and sweep

calculator, a MusickKeypad, Direct 411 Directory, consistent with natural thumb to index articulation;

and other accommodations for the blind, deaf and flow, strength and neural capacity.

paralyzed are given, and are so claimed herein.

Relative System Typing enables a Spacckcypad- 14. The charter of Orr Pad is to offer a design

Orr Pad relative position system typing, where and method to produce a global standard, motor each key has a unique spatial and linguistic memory friendly, electronic interface writing tool. relationship to the whole, enables a claimed virtual

reality spacekeypad where the user may merely

OrrPad solves problems of: ( 1 ) A small keyboard type in space, breaking electromagnetic or acoustic

(2) World languages (3) Mobility (4) Extended fields, lines, forces, signals or other; emanating

consumer use.

from a watch-like device or other, to achieve

proximity detection; rendering the user without the

Meeting Today's Public Need for:

need for a hardware keypad.

I - A world standard keypad system: suitable for all sized products, especially small electronics,

Vertical Assignment channels of the alphabet

accessible in all languages and motor-memory improves typing skill. This is because all fingers

friendly (so as to facilitate those learning) and to move relative to the forearm at the wrist and a

provide keyed entry access for as many people as single alphabetical mnemonic allows users to


know where letters may be found by finger

2- Access to keyed entry on maximum number of assignments for each mnemonic block. If the hand

devices; improved access particularly needed on remains moving up-and-down on the vertical

small electronics

plane, the vertical Y axis remains constant and

3- Access to maximum number of Languages on thus the frame of reference for the fingers (which

one master keypad design

move relative to the wrist) remains constant, thus

4- Access to language Accents to provide full significantly improving typing skill. However, if

access for language expression for indigenous the wrist is moved horizontally, sawing back-and- languages

forth, the frame of reference becomes more

diffuse, thus reduces accuracy of typing. For one

Problems solved by Orr pad keypad system: handed typing, a vertical arrangement helps

I - Small electronic access

preserve Relative Position references. All touch

2- One world standard keypad

typing motor-skill depends on the establishment of

3- World language access in small form a reliable frame of reference (the wrist in this case,

4- Language accent access

rather than the home keys are Qwerty) from which

5- Orr Pad mnemonic system allows keypad layout neural connections encode precise distance along

to be memorized at first use. This method is an XY axis for the neural connections to encode

applied to the other languages, which can also be how far a finger should move from the point of

memorized at first use.

reference to the target key. Preserving one axis

6- Improved cognitive and motor memory design (the vertical Y axis) allows the user to "extend"

to solve QWERTY's problem of poor typing skill. the frame of reference of the wrist to include the

7- Improved accessibility to the left-brain right- domain of the keypad. The domain of the keypad

hand language tool axis

arena is the reach of fingers relative to the wrist in

8- Improved use of the hand, its function, and its the vertical, rotation, and fan scope of reach.

conformation to an electronic keypad.

9- Informed by field research in understanding the neurophysiology of motor-skill. 10- Maximizes speed and ease of use matters worse; curiously, half of Qwerty is even

1 1 - Improved access by the handicapped honeycomb half uneven. This uneven offset

12- Improved accessibility for the writing systems arrangement of hardware keys is the worst of the world's languages. Thus improving access possible arrangement from which to establish to global education and preservation of culture. motor-skill. The most stable plane is the flat

1 2- Improved versatility: Can enable new products striking surface and yet, the original typewriter had and are so claimed such as novel: calculator, a an uneven strike surface as keys were graduated in Mousekeypad, a Musickeypad, a Spacekeypad. terrace relief where keys higher keys were Mousekeypad. Watchkeypad, etc. unnecessarily elevated- making motor-skill less

13- Standard text keypad interface to electronic likely still. It made it more difficult akin to the instruments such as scientific, medical industrial, way the most complicated multi-terraced organs robotic and military user interfaces. are more difficult to master than just playing the

14- Standard dispatch and inventory input keypad. piano on one horizontal "terrace" plane

15- Allows QWERTY and AZERTY etc. to be

used simultaneously with some of the features of The trick to assisting motor skill is to design the OrrPad. Allows concurrent use while hardware that establishes three planes of reference transitioning to the new standard. from which all keys may be found systematically:


Reference to "Qwerty" in this patent refers to 2. VERTICAL SPINE for each finger to slide up and the 10 key across standard keyboard hardware base down according to the capacity of each finger. onto which may be placed Qwerty or any of its 3. HORIZONTAL PLANE in vertical steps according derivatives in any language such as Azerty, to natural finger reach

QwertZ or any character set of any language.

The flaws of Qwerty are as follows:

1 ) No Vertical Spine: Qwerty has keys that are not

only offset- but offset unevenly. Offset and uneven

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS: are two separate flaws. Uneven or offset letter

positions are more likely to result in a more diffuse

memory. Fingers physically move vertically up Two Documents:

and down: like waving bye-bye. The whole hand ( 1 ) Devices upon which is placed a 5x5, 5x6 or must move to find keys on the horizontal plane. 6x5 OrrPad layout in various writing systems. Fingers waving bye-bye can easily find 50 keys Some devices are claimed as novel.

just by moving up and down without moving the (2) Sample Layouts in different writing systems. wrist, hand or forearm. The spine of any keypad is

the establishment of a straight vertical plane of

reference from which the user may slide up and

down to find all keys. Fingers on a keyboard

should be able to find keys by merely moving up

and down as the first plane-of-motion to establish

optimal motor-skill. Deviations from the vertical

spine should be secondary. On Qwerty every

motion is offset and or uneven on the vertical

plane. Just as a keyboard needs horizontal home

keys to establish a horizontal axis from which

fingers memorize all relationships- keyboards also

need a vertical axis as a frame of reference from

which to anchor memory of position. Establishing

a vertical axis by straight grid alignment is lacking

in Qwerty. Look at your Qwerty keyboard and

you will see the distances between the center of

the two superior letters of the ASDF row and the

inferior letters of the QWERTY row is offset and

uneven. It is not even a tidy honeycomb.

Additionally, he superior letters of the ZXCV row

and the inferior letters to the ASDF row are offset

in honeycomb. All of Qwerty keys are offset with

no vertical spine as frame of reference. To make OrrPad— Technical Specification Notes

Cross Coordinate Navigation along an xy axis is EXAMPLE ONE: CROSSING OF VOWELS AND a compelling technique for spatial location used in CONSONANTS OR VOWELS AN D SYLLA BLES: seafaring navigation, missile guidance, GPS and The three-vector matrix of a writing input system satellite technologies. where the order of vowels, consonant and syllables

Spatial location by cross coordinates may also be serve as Cross-Navigational matrix Orr Pad: used in a writing input system for digital devices. Consonants are in vertical alphabetical order in Instead of imposing an artificial numerical grid, columns begun with the occasion of a Vowel: such as a numbered latitude and longitude for which are laid in horizontal alphabetical order spatial location, OrrPad is more akin to a musical serving as reference points.

instrument, which are hand operated musical tools

designed so that, each sound has a qualitative

relationship to all other sounds, in a predictable

spatial location within a pattern, with an xy axis.

Each sound has a qualitative, and ultimately

quantitative, relationship in a pattern that informs

where to find all sounds relative to each other.

OrrPad organizes the world's writing systems

similar to a musical instrument. The elements of

Figure imgf000010_0001

the world's writing systems are mnemonically

organized in a pattern, within a predictable frame Vowel Order: Horizontal Longitude Reference of reference, to best enable the location of letters. Consonant Order: Vertical Latitudinal Reference

Each part (letter) has a relationship to the whole in 1. Surface Strike Plane of fingers serves as the a system. A keypad possessing an innate logic will first spatial point of reference for motor-skill. enable each letter to serve as reference points and

thus speed, comfort and accuracy. It also enables a 2. Vowels are placed in native order as a prime new class of electronic products. vector, at one side, top or bottom of the matrix.

Any sequential or informational criteria can 3. Consonants or Syllables intersect vowels in the establish coordinates for latitude and longitude and native order speakers learned as children.

become a cross-positional arrangement. A

numerical grid, sequential criteria, qualitative

structural features, or mnemonic strings of related

information can be applied to create a cross- navigational arrangement; including, but not

limited to the elements listed below:

• Motor Mnemonics · Cognitive Mnemonics ·

Mathematical Relationships · Musical

Relationships · Linguistic Structure · Letters ·

Alphabetical Order · Alphabet Songs ·

Consonants · Consonant Order · Vowels · Semi- Vowels · Vowel Order · Syllables · Phonetics

Figure imgf000010_0002

• Songs · Sounds · Rhythm · Rhymes · In the Roman Cross navigational Orr Pad, the Pronunciation · Words · Names · Meanings · navigational elements include the mnemonics of: Stories · Spelling · Acronyms · Compounds · ( 1 ) Cross-positional Navigation of (2) Horizontal Patterns · Numbers · Letter Shape* Keyboard Vowel Order and (3) Vertical Consonant Order in Shape · Key Shape · Key Color · Character or (4) Alphabetical order for both Vowels and Letter Frequency of Use · Piggybacking · Off Key Consonants, with (5) Accents found Clustered on

• Accents · Symbols · Character Shapes · Host Keys, accessed by a (6) Sequential Shift or Character Scripts · Strokes · Radicals · Onsets · dedicated Option Key(s) (7) on a motor-memory Diacritics · Diphthongs · Gutturals · Palatals · 5x6 or 5x5 one-hand focus field grid. (8) Blocking Cerebrals · Dentals · Labials · Sibilants · or clustering of four writing elements: vowels, Aspirants · Tones, etc. consonants, accents and punctuation. OrrPad - Technical Specification Notes

The cross position can intersect alphabetical order are more accurate on their better-designed musical such as "A" in AEIOU crossing with the instruments than with their typing skills; hour for alphabetical order of ABCD. The "A" holds an hour of practice. Even i f they spend more hours intersecting position for both vowels and over a lifetime typing than playing music, the consonants in alphabetical order. However, music playing tends to be more error free than vowels may be simply laid in one direction their eternally error-plagued typing. Qwerly is a (horizontal or vertical) and consonants may be laid badly designed as a hand tool. The vertical cross in an oppositional order (vertical or horizontal). navigation keypad has the relative organization Because of the well-organized nature of the of a musical instrument, where each key has a Korean language a Cross-positional keypad relationship to the whole; along the vertical axis of natural finger flow; which provides the first

In the preferred embodiment: ( I ) Vowels are laid

reference in all instrumentation upon which motor- horizontally in a top block in alphabetical order.

memory can be fostered. Musical instru ments all (2) A vertical channel of consonants in

have each sound in a logical relationship to all alphabetical order begins at the occasion of a

other sou nds. This is why musicians can vowel. (3) The reverse arrangement is also claimed

ultimately be more accurate; even though whereby vowels are laid vertically and consonants

musicianship is a much more complicated task are laid horizontally with the apparent advantage

than typing. With the necessary practice, typing on of reading in the more familiar horizontal

an Orr Pad can be like playing music fluently. alphabetical order to which we are accustomed and

thus users might believe they prefer the horizontal

Japanese: A cross-navigational keypad in consonant with vertical vowel arrangement.

Japanese keeps perfect alphabetical order in four However the preferred embodiment for a

crossed dimensions (rather than merely the two of mnemonic keypad is the vertical consonant order

the Roman Orr Pad). It also blocks eight linguistic with horizontal vowels because of the following

values of written communication: vowels, and over-whelming memory advantage: a) Each finger

their descendant consonant syllables, diacritics, moves up and down to control the vertical domain

consonants, accents and punctuation. Plus radicals of resident consonants below each vowel. This

and their descendant character trees to vertical arrangement of consonant alphabetical

accommodate four scripts on the same tiny order allows the immediate memorization of the

keypad: Chinese, Roman, Hiragana and Katakana. letter order following under each vowel for each

finger. Thus, for example, in the Japanese cross-

The Process: Begin with optim ally sized navigation of vowels and syllables, the user knows

hardware: The I s' Orr Pad Meme Matrix all syllables using the sound of "A" falls in the

mnemonic aide is to choose a Focus Field by vertical domain of the index finger.

selecting a smaller-than-a-palm keypad hardware foundation with small fingertip sized keys

VERTICA L ALPH A B ETI CA L OR DER allows the user arranged in the preferred 5x6 straight grid so that to memorize finger assignments instantly. Motor- fingers can move in vertical chan nels with memory follows with actual physical practice.

additional punctuation, function, and accent keys easily accessed by a Thu mb Toggle & Sweep.

Natural flow of finger movement is vertical,

(like a child waving fingers bye-bye up and down).

Mnemonic Letter Layout- The 2nd mnemonic is Thus, it is a vertical axis of finger flow along

the placement of Vowels in Horizontal which is best laid alphabetical order to promote

Alphabetical Order to establish a plane of motor-memory. Fingers are independent entities- it

longitude. Users can memorize the top 5 vowel is easiest to acquire motor-memory for each finger

letters instantly.

when each finger has its own easy-to-memorize set

of letter assignments along a clear referential axis. The 3rd mnemonic is the crossing of the horizontal Anyone can instantly remember ADCD for the vowel plane by Consonants in Vertical index finger, etc. This is why "home" keys were Alphabetical Order. The user may thus simply identi fied, to artificially create a point of reference memorize that the layout of the keypad is: vertical from which motor memory is hung. However, the alphabetical order and at the occasion of a body has its own innate point of reference- the vowel a new row is begu n.

natural vertical flow of finger movement. As 4lh Finger Assignments: Consonants in vertical evidenced in the learning of musical instruments, alphabetical order crossed with horizontal vowels motor-memory is expedited, when one in alphabetical order allows instant memorization cognitively memorizes the finger assignments of the letter assignment for each finger.

before attempting practice. Musicians attest they OrrPad - Technical Specification Notes

As each finger descends in its natural channel Information may be blocked horizontally or of movement, the user knows the top vowel vertically in relative positions that enhance utility. begins the alphabetical sequence of consonants for In an Orr Pad blocking is an important tool (and each finger. The mnemonic follows the alphabet the choice of what and how to block) to enable a song sequence we all remember from childhood. keypad with greater economic, mnemonic or ergonomic value than the Qwerty arrangement.

Claim 2: A blocking arrangement with cross of

blocks of letters to create a cognitive mnemonic Korean Samples of blocked Orr Pad grids: to assist in the navigation on a keypad for input All Horizontal Korean: Vertical Vowel Sidebar: into electronic devices Blocking of information

with or without cross-position of blocks or

intersected cross-coordinate navigational weaves

as a technique to create a mnemonic and navigable

matrix grid of human language or other


A crossed or blocked positional arrangement of

Figure imgf000012_0003
Figure imgf000012_0004

values such as vowels and consonants or syllables

(or other information set) cluster blocked possibly Conversely, Japanese, Roman, Greek and Cyrillic intersected to create a navigational tool to assist in have an alphabetical order where vowels happen to the location of characters or symbols on a intersperse the consonant order very four or six keyboard or other product with an array of letters in a single sequence to permit a cross- information. Studies show remembering blocks of navigational mnemonic.

information of units of 5 to 7 items is easiest.

Additionally, crossed information, preferably In Korean, the language the order of vowels and intersected, maximizes ease of navigation. consonants is learned by rote in a separate Blocking, unitizing to 5-7, cross positioning and sequence rather than in one consecutive sequence, where possible- with intersecting weaves, thus a blocked rather than intersected arrangement produces the most navigable matrix of on a small keypad. If vowels were interspersed in information. Orr Pad provides a system to create a one sequence, intersection would be possible or if flexible and maximally navigable matrix of world the keypad was very large, then Korean can be language on a keypad. Claimed is the system and displayed cross-navigationally with all 140 its individual component techniques. syllable sounds found where their component vowels and consonants intersect as phoneme. (See

(a) Grid with Intersected information blocks Korean section of this patent). However, a grid of (AEIOU intersect alphabetically with consonants.) 140 syllables is too large. Since this full display is In this case, a new column of the matrix grid is too large for small electronic units, the inventor begun at the occasion of a vowel preserving has produced a blocked mnemonic method.

alphabetical order of both vowels and consonants

on a grid; thus making cross-navigation latitude (c) Cross Blocking with or without intersection is and longitude references and intersections on a when a block of information is in one direction keypad possible. and the other block runs in the opposite direction.

Roman Vertical or Horizontal Alphabetical Order Cross-blocked example: Blocked example:

Horizontal Vowel w/

Vertical Consonant: All Vertical Korean:

Figure imgf000012_0002

Figure imgf000012_0001

(b) Positional blocking without intersection:

Where intersection is not possible information may

Figure imgf000012_0005
Figure imgf000012_0006

be organized by the positional blocking of

information as a mnemonic aid, (such as vowels The cross blocking occurs naturally in intersected versus consonants or syllables; on sides or top and matrices such as the Roman, Cyrillic, Greek, bottom or other pattern within a matrix. OrrPad - Technical Specification Notes

Japanese, Brahmi; and partially in Arabic and be preferred and is also claimed when blocking on Hebrew. Cross blocking in a matrix where there is a keypad grid is employed.

no intersection would be selected to more closely

comply to the logic of a world standard of a cross- On a keypad, the surface plane of keys, or the navigational language matrix. However, it is not breaking of a signal plane with the movement of a required, as the all vertical Korean still complies to finger, is plane number one with two or more the matrix vertical channeling feature ideal for cross-coordinates; which may or may not intersect, space-keypads, where a user merely types in space. to establish a useful organizational mnemonic of Additionally, the vertical pairings are related to letters or other information.

one another in shape and sound, while the

horizontal vowel layout, though more familiar and HORIZONTAL & VERTICAL ORGANIZATION IN more akin to the horizontal disposition of other OTHER LANGUAGE CHARACTER SETS: PART 2 language keypads, the horizontal breaks the vowel

"X" and "Y" cross coordinates of writing system sound pairing between the 5lh and 6lh vowels while

elements were found by the inventor in over 100 the vertical preserves this relationship in an

languages, however not all of the patterns in the extremely fast and tidy mnemonic; which still ends

varying languages are of the crossing of vowels up reading left to right, and the vertical aspect is in

and consonants at a nexus point. For example keeping with the fact that Korean was originally

Korean is organized where vowels and consonant written vertically and still is done so in

order are in separate sequences as a table. Thus, applications that have remained in the vertical

the Korean OrrPad results in not one, but many custom. Both are possible, and claimed.

possible patterns of block n patterns of blocks of vertical and horizontal vowels and consonants to

See Korean section for its Preferred Embodiments

produce syllables.

Japanese weaves threads of vowels, syllables and

The two best Korean solutions are the adoption of

diacritics; and, unlike in English, the Japanese either 2 horizontal rows of vowels with broken

OrrPad also allows all syllable sounds of each vowel meme pairs or the preferred embodiment

vowel to be assigned to one descending finger and below of 5 double vowel memes that preserves

remarkably those syllable sounds can remain in both traditional Korean order and the global

alphabetical order.

Romanized position of "A" in the far left corner.

One human brain with a neural capacity for

Korean Preferred Embodiment:

language produced all of the disparate languages of the world. But these languages of the world are exactly that- disparate- and distinctly different one from the other. Thus, each language OrrPad is quite different reflecting the unique organization of each language system. The Orr Pad employs a system of organizing the different linguistic values of a given language into some kind of woven entity whereby values of that language are displayed as a mnemonic weave of that language.

Figure imgf000013_0001
Figure imgf000013_0002
Figure imgf000013_0003


Vowels are encircled and comprise two rows or In the Orr Pad, vowel order is often used as a columns. As in other Orr Pads, vowels, mnemonic thread for use in a weave. Orr Pad consonants, syllables or other linguistic values reflects the fact that vowels in the various may be blocked vertically or horizontally or as a languages are different in their disposition and combination of vertical and horizontal. Blocking organization and thus recommends placing a high can place the vowel block (or other linguistic value on arranging vowel order according to the values such as diacritics) at the sides or bottom. traditional custom of native speakers.

Blocking is also claimed if a blocked arrangement

of characters is placed on the Qwerty style Music as a Mnemonic: A powerful mnemonic is keyboard hardware. the song each child sings to leam the alphabet of the script of their language. A song belter encodes

Preference in blocking should be given to the memory of sequential order than merely flatly alphabetical order, but in special instances, when droning the alphabet sequence because the up and weighing competing values, breaking order may down sounds of the letters forms a cross-position OrrPad— Technical Specification Notes matrix on a spine of time duration, along which

each sound goes up or down in pitch. Written

music reflects this as an xy axis chart of the pattern

of pitch along an axis of time duration. If the

alphabet were taught with no song, just as a single

flat string, with no vertical pitch, the alphabet

string would be much harder to memorize; like

remembering the sequence of the numbers of Pi.

The matrix of pitch along the spine of duration

creates a mnemonic structural matrix that helps us

memorize the sounds and letters. Additionally,

alphabet songs are our earliest and first exposure

to the alphabet and therefore the most durable

language mnemonic for each of us.

Figure imgf000014_0001

A song illustrates the mnemonic power of crossed

X and Y threads of information. The vertical spine

(pitch) woven with a horizontal "string" (time

progression of connected meaning) In this case

where there is no lyric, the vertical spine of pitch

crosses just a progressive (time) thread of an

otherwise disconnected string of information

(alphabet) which becomes connected to the pitch

thread to eventually become a meaningful thread.

The changes in pitch allows us to more easily

memorize a string of information of otherwise

unrelated letters. If mathematics were taught using

song- or crossed mnemonics of any kind- learning

would be enhanced. OrrPad has invented and

encourages the implementation of mnemonic

cross-weaving of language values on keypads to

thus capitalize on the mnemonic and navigational

advantage of cross positional arrangement. Both

cognitive memory and motor-skill navigation are

maximized when cross-woven patterns of

mnemonic threads are used.

Languages that are organized and taught with an

XY cross of linguistic values do not need an

alphabet song. For example, Japanese needs no

alphabet song if a mnemonic is taught to children

which established a weave of vowels crossed with

consonants to create syllables. In Japanese, a

horizontal axis can be established by 5 vowels

AIUEO crossed with 9 vertical consonants sounds

beginning with: KST-NHM-YRW. Each row

Figure imgf000014_0002
repeats 5 vowel sounds to create the 48 Japanese OrrPad - Technical. Specification Notes

Notice the Roman alphabet is an alternate script on maximizing consistency of resonant letter the Japanese OrrPad. It is cross-woven here placement from one language to another.

weaving vowels with consonants descending from

each vowel in alphabetical order. Each column The Orr Pad system weighs values and depending begins at the occasion of a vowel. on the use and need of the manufacturer marries the competing values into a compromise. Thus,

OrrPad favors the order that follows tradition vowel order may be approximate or rearranged in as close as possible for the native speaker. OrrPad any order such as AIUEO, UOIEA, AEIOY, does not routinely conform vowels or other letters AEIOUY, and is so claimed in this patent according to Roman custom such as found on application or other combinations OR order of other keypads where sounds of other languages are vowels as appropriate to the language or use. required to fit to Roman custom. Remarkably, Vowel order may be in the order customary to the OrrPad has been very successful in managing to particular language or rearranged to afford a better find a pattern that preserves native order that fit or accommodation to the keypad or partner resonates with the order of other languages. This languages of the keypad. A claim is made for any is principally because the diverse human languages order of the vowels in any language character set. were produced by one human brain and the human Vowel order examples are given below. Order may brain organizes language the same way with be rearranged or omitted per the linguistic or space diverse manifestation. The trick was to recognize demands of the particular keypad. Traditional primary patterns of human language that could be order strings as point of departure used in OrrPad found in all languages. For example, all given below:

languages have vowels. Many languages have

more than 5 vowels. For example, Korean has 10

vowels. However, all vowels roughly correspond

or descend from 5 vowels sounds.

Figure imgf000015_0001

Cross Navigation in Other Languages: cross-

Figure imgf000015_0002
blocking navigational techniques can be used in other languages and are also claimed.

OrrPad favors preserving native order for the

market of native speakers because it is preferable Example 2: In Japanese, a cross arrangement of to their needs and their mnemonic linguistic Vowels and Sounds or Syllables may be used for threads. Furthermore, children bom into that navigation and is claimed in this patent.

language will continue to learn traditional order: if

for no other reason than that dictionaries, name Example 3: In Korean, Vowels and Consonants directories and encyclopedias, etc are already in may be arranged horizontally and vertically to the traditional alphabetical order. Children must significantly improve navigation. It does not have learn that order to easily use references traditional a cross point like the Roman or Japanese cross to their native tongue. Besides, the Orr Pad navigation Orr Pad. Korean has the next best design, more than any other design possible, thing; which is a horizontal arrangement of vowels preserves native order as much as possible while and a vertical arrangement of consonants. An

Figure imgf000016_0001
OrrPad - Technical Specification Notes layouts arc best mode. The specifics of the layout claimed, in case manufacturers insist on another can better endow it as a writing tool. The task is to focus field base, because the best mode, and order elements of each writing system in comparison of all modes, is not obvious to the mnemonic blocks in such as way that each letter

has a qualitative relationship to all other letters in a average person or manufacturer, since motor-skill spatial pattern that the brain recognizes, even if a is not their domain of expertise.

pattern is not cognitively noticed. Since it is not The choice of layout for devices is usually made obvious, the average person is not likely to by those with expertise in computer science, recognize best mode. Yet, whichever field is ergonomics, or business, which confers no selected, manufacturers and users alike are then expertise in writing systems and motor-skill, saddled with any unnoticed limitations, just as the which perpetuates their familiar flawed Qwerty; public was saddled with Qwerty, today's poor even though the majority of the world's population default as a one-hand writing tool. Since English is of billions of people have never used a 10x3 the world's largest single language, and the keyboard, or any keyboard. Yet, they will in the Chinese the largest single user of Roman script, next decade. Why saddle many billions of new and 80 other unique languages also use the Roman users with the 10x3? Qwerty is too wide for one- script; the choice of focus field grid and layout for hand use and offered no motor-skill or linguistic the world's Roman script is not a decision to make advantages from the day it was ill conceived. absent understanding of motor-skill, which relies Tablets, like iPad, become desktops because they on the brain's language-tool axis, (which is neither need a desk surface in order to type with two computer science nor ergonomics), while equally hands, or become a laptop with an attached satisfying the needs of all other writing script keyboard while a one-hand OrrPad would allow users, which collectively comprise a comparable one-hand typing on a tablet.

number of users. See the technological

discussions, Roman Accents, and each of all other

scripts for an analytic comparison of layouts as a

writing tool according to language and motor-skill.

OrrPad can produce focus field grid shapes for

other scripts, but not all scripts well on all grids.

For example some Asian scripts would do well

with grid of 4, 5, 6, 7 or 8. However, 8 is almost

as long as a Qwerty and is to be encouraged to be

reduced to fit on a new class of products possible

with a more square-ish keyboard. In the incident

of 4 key base, it can be a standalone small pad or

placed on a larger 5 or 6 grid to accommodate

other languages on a device. 4x7 is just too long to

serve as best mode.

Alphabetical order, meme blocking, cross- positioning, vertical finger assignments, etc., all

underpin motor-skill and the keypad as a digital

writing instrument.

All of these Roman layouts can fit in a small space

and operated with one thumb, but in order to

promote manufacturer selection of the best mode

writing instrument, the claimed system of 8

Roman focus field layouts below is needed to

discourage arbitrary device design and encourage

the best informed engineering of a global writing

tool, to fit all devices and language markets. They

may all seem the same, but for many linguistic and

motor-skill reasons the best mode to serve as a

writing tool is the vertical 5x6 AIEOU cross.

However, the whole system of 8 layouts is also OrrPad - Technical Specification Notes

SPACE-KEYPAD OR SPACE-PAD: A claim for a Touch-Fabric: If an inexpensive fabric, capable space-keypad, or space-pad, is made whereby one of receiving typed input was inexpensive enough, may merely type in free space, by breaking a field, even clothing could offer a small field of "touch- emanating from a base of a watch-type device on fabric" to receive the typed input of the soldier, so the wrist, ring, clothing, or other base. that one could type on a pants leg or other surface.

The OrrPad layout makes this possible, because

The mnemonic OrrPad AEIOU CROSS layout the layout allows blind-use in the dark, where one enables the space-pad, as a space-pad is best- need not see the keys, Yet fabric keyboards can served by a narrow field for one-hand use, and also be imprinted with visible key-face letters. vertical fan finger assignments in alphabetical

order. Qwerty is too wide for a space-pad, keys are The best layout is the AEIOU ABC cross. offset unevenly, and all keys cannot be reached However, if Qwerty or other layout is employed it without moving the hand, violating the necessary is also claimed in this patent as a space-pad. relative position for locating in free space.

The use of a space-pad is well within the

capability of the average person. If the user is

already skilled in the use of a hard or touchscreen

vertical Orrpad and the layout is embedded into

memory as a motor-skill, the user does not need to

"see" the keys, but may merely type on unmarked

spatial domains. The input could be seen on a

head-up display or other monitor. Dancers and

athletes "find" points in free space with great

precision, and so might typists find free spaces.

Yet, even if the user has no prior skill, the OrrPad

layout allows the user to cognitively carry a mental

map of letter layout because vertical finger

assignments allow all consonants to be found

descending from vowels in alphabetical order.

Vertical finger assignments and knowing the order

of vowels lets a beginner find all consonants, even

at first use. The spatial shape that the fingers

Figure imgf000018_0001

follow would be curved following the natural way

fingers move in the spatial domain. Wherever it is The placement of all finger motion happens to be that fingers fall is the domain of the keyboard. relative to the wrist, and so must a space-pad That spatial shape is curved. The motor-skill of accommodate wrist-relative motion. Wherever the free space typing is made possible by the OrrPad hand moves so too moves the "keypad". Qwerty is layout. A hurdle is that it would need to be turned both too wide for one-hand space-pad and does not off and on conveniently, so that it is not on lend itself to a relative-to-the-wrist arrangement. continuously. Thus, for this, a surface is useful. The relative position in Qwerty is relative-to-the- home-keys, not the wrist. Users, in theory, are

Any Surface Keyboard: Similar to a space-pad, is supposed to return their fingers to the home keys the typing onto any surface, which would feel before striking their next letter. A keypad more natural to type with surface contact, and arrangement that allows finding spaces within technologically easier to implement. motion relative-to-the-wrist makes the ideal space- typewriting instrument. This is because all fingers

A combat soldier in the field, in the dark of night,

naturally already move relative-to-the-wrist. Thus could quietly type communications in complete

the ideal keypad exploits the hand's natural finger darkness on a small portable wafer-like keypad

movement relative-to-the-wrist, as this is the placed anywhere, such as placed on one's leg,

natural default. A space-keypad layout should chest, arm, or on a surface within a vehicle, instead

have letters available in a pattern whereby fingers of using the relatively large clunky laptop now

can access all letters within the small domain of found in military vehicles. Input can be seen on a

motion from the wrist to finger-reach. After all, heads up or monitor display.

wherever the hand moves, so too is found the

Also: See image of an OrrPad for use on a fighter spatial keyboard.

jet console, with before and after images.

Figure imgf000019_0001
Figure imgf000020_0001
Orr'Pad - Technical, Specification Notes contrast, each AEIOU ABC cross-navigational

grid is extraordinarily well-organized according to The matrix accomplishes its position as most ideal the way natives learn their language in the design given the constraints of ( 1 ) the way human universal way world human language. language is constructed and is learned, (2) the way the human mind acquires motor-memory (3) the

Misleading to deploy a Trojan Horse and a misuse way the human hand is shaped and works and of the opportunity to have an extremely well- given (4) the cultural language and writing organized user interface for electronic customs that already exist. The four items above communication, language logical are prior constraints to which any k

Some manufacturers may choose the secondary

embodiments and Orr Pad has the know how to In the interests of short-term earning or design organize them as well as is possible to interface shortsightedness one of the inferior embodiments one unto the others, thus a claim is made for them may be selected. If this occurs and it becomes the should they be selected. Some examples of standard through

claimed secondary Trojan Horse embodiments

include: (a) HORIZONTAL ABC G I D, (b) Because on the surface, certain embodiments may VERTICAL ABC GRID, (C) HORIZONTAL CROSS- superficially appear to be a language matrix, the NAVIGATIONAL GRID, (d) QWERTY ADAPTED patent can help protect the public from products

FOCUS FIELD GRID, (e) ROMAN ADAPTED ORDER. that appear to have equal utility but in fact do not

Each appears on the surface to be meeting the need and cannot, and encouraging the use of the ideal for a global keypad for electronic devices as each protects the public interests. In order to protect the looks like it "fits" on small devices and each of the public from manufacturers choosing inferior inferior embodiments has one or more desirable layouts to avoid the nominal licensing fee of this features. However, it is the vertical AEIOU cross- patent the inventor claims some of the inferior navigational vertical ABC 5x6 focus field grid that layouts that may masquerade as a world language is the preferred embodiment because it uniquely matrix at first glance, but are not. Some examples best enables a world language matrix, as well as are given below:

being the most enabling design for the futuristic

mousekeypad and spacekeypad and creating a HORIZONTAL ABC G RI D: To date, until Orr Pad workable single hardware software interface research, it seems the full value of a 5x5 grid, 5x6 worldwide on any device. A world language grid as a focus field foundation for a world matrix in the palm of one's hand can be a crucial language matrix as a motor-memory hand tool for instrument in the cross communication between language production, preservation of language speakers of diverse languages, allow universal diversity and communication potential has been electronic access and be a tool to maximally unanticipated by manufacturers. It is Orr Pad preserve and or integrate world languages. Trojan research with its innovative and flexible system Horse arrangements physically "fit" on the pad. that can demonstrate the value of the focus field Look similar or seem to have an advantage, but and thus establish the 5x5 or 5x6 grid in the this is an illusion: the Trojan Horses cannot deliver marketplace as the hardware foundation solution to the public the long-term, personal and global for communication and text input using a small advantages as the matrix. keypad interface.

The invention of the most ideal world language The 5x5, the 5x6 or 4x7 grids are not currently the matrix is the signature of this patent filing. standard for electronic communication and text However, initially a manufacturer (or user) may production in the marketplace. Today, the use of a not recognize this advantage and may choose focus field grid exists (with an ABC layout) on lesser embodiments over the ideal. Individual other products such as the 4x7 ABC grid on UPS features of this patent may be employed a la carte inventory hand units or the 5x6 ABC grid of the and should be patent protected in their own right. Road Navigator.

The purpose of this invention is to solve the need

for a maximally universal keypad on small Where these grids have been used, the enormous electronics. The preferred embodiment solves this human language-tool potential of the grid was not problem where the others have hidden failings that exploited or anticipated, nor did these devices may not be identified by casual observers. If inspire or teach others of the value of the manufacturers had recognized the cocktail of foundation grid as evidenced by their limited design elements that enables a world matrix design, mis-design, and limited use of the grid. keypad, it would have been already been invented. OrrPad - Technical Specification Notes vertical channeling of alphabetical order the matrix enables a world standard keypad If manufacturer's choose the ABC grid to avoid the AEIOU grid and vertical channeling This would be a great disservice to the public.

Encouraging the Trojan horse of the ABC grid in the marketplace may foreclose the possibility of a world language matrix whereby users worldwide may navigate not only their own language but the

Figure imgf000022_0001
matrix allows the possibility of other languages to

TH E A BC FOCUS FIELD GRID. At the onset of this be accessed and navigated with ease as all of the invention process there were no focus field grids languages of the matrix share a common method found in the patent literature or marketplace. of organization. If you can use the matrix for your Records of the calendar of this invention are own language you can substantially access other available. During the lengthy patent process to languages. It has been one human brain that design and produce a patent filing for a complete produced all of the disparate languages and the Orr system for a world language matrix, a few focus Pad matrix organizes language according to their field ABC grids have appeared such as on the UPS common roots- vowels, consonants, syllables, inventory unit and Road Navigator. The inventor radicals, ideograms, diacritic markings, etc- all knows of no others. They all appeared after the organized on one tiny matrix with each part of the inventor's development of the grid research and language found in the same place on the same none of them have influenced the marketplace as keypad worldwide. One hardware software they have not been propagated as a design. worldwide. The ABC grid cannot accomplish this.

If the ABC grid could have accomplished this, the

Additionally, The language matrix value of the inventor would have employed it and encouraged grid seems to have not been anticipated by these its use because of the superficial fact that the manufacturers. The use of the ABC grid minimizes horizontal disposition is more familiar to users. the potential world language matrix value of the However, it is the preferred AEIOU embodiment focus field grid. ABC is not a matrix of human that is the only way to create the most complete language and has only three desirable features: matrix of world language which is the best way small size, alphabetical order, and the focus field possible to organize human language on one small mathematical proportions ideal for creating a communication device that can be used world language matrix by the use of the AEIOU worldwide. The establishment of a world language cross navigation and the matrix cross positioning matrix keypad suitable for small electronics of all the other languages woven in one tiny requires being placed on a focus field. The ABC keypad. Unicode can now fit on the face of a cell horizontal grid has a focus field and alphabetical phone. One hardware-software worldwide. The order, but it has no mnemonic linguistic blocking, inventor makes a claim on the 5x5 or 5x6 grid on no cross navigational advantage, no vertical new products. channel alphabetical mnemonic. Additionally, it has no organizational mapping relationship such as

It is Orr Pad research, innovation and principles of cross-navigational organization that can be held in cognitive memory, motor-memory and linguistics common across other languages.

across world language that can demonstrate the

new use and high value of the grid as a keypad that The maximum number of world languages may be has heretofore been unanticipated. A manufacturer preserved for posterity and the maximum number or potential licensee may deploy an ABC of persons may access electronic communication horizontal grid on the Orr Pad foundation and with the maximum motor-skill with the vertical mislead the consumer into believing they have the AEIOU-ABC cross-navigational keypad. full benefits of the Orr Pad system, just because it However, the horizontal AEIOU cross- looks, at first glance, like the general dimensions navigational keypad and the ABC grid (both of the preferred 5x6 embodiment of the cross horizontal and vertical) is also claimed in this navigation Orr Pad. The Orr Pad system is a patent.

matrix of human language that can fit in the palm

of one's hand. Cross-navigation of blocked HORIZONTAL 5X6 ABC GRID: As this layout is linguistic properties allows instant cognitive already employed on the Road Warrior GPS memorization of each layout. Combined with navigational keypad, OrrPad claims this layout for OrrPad - Technical Specification Notes all other uses. Road Warrior did not anticipate the

potential value of the 5x6 focus field grid for

general typing purposes such as cell phones, land

phones, PDA's, pagers, remote controls,

mousekeypads, spacekeypads, watchpads,

OnePads, etc. OrrPad makes a claim for all uses

of the ABC 5x6 grid layout, except for those

devices which may already be found to employ the

5x6 ABC grid.

The ABC grid, at first glance, may appear to have

the advantages of the AEIOU cross-navigational

keypad. However, the AEIOU cross pad is a far

superior as a writing instrument. It allows the user

to immediately memorize the letter assignments

for each finger as follows: for example in the

Roman AEIOU OrrPad— each finger is assigned a

sequence of letters in alphabetical order beginning

with the occasion of a vowel. The AEIOU cross

pad comprises a matrix of world languages in a

maximally woven pattern of consistent intuitive

logic that the brain recognizes even if not

explained cognitively. Cross-navigation is the

state-of-the-art technology for the location of

position that science has ever found. OrrPad has

made new use of cross-navigation as a writing

instrument. The AEIOU OrrPad provides the

brain XY coordinates to create references for the

location of letters.

Although the AEIOU cross pad is the preferred

embodiment, Orr Pad feels it is in the best interests

of humanity to also claim the ABC grid. Orr Pad

is concerned that if Orr Pad does not own the

general use patent for the ABC horizontal grid,

licensees may choose the ABC horizontal grid

over the AEIOU cross pad because they do not

realize the many motor, neuro-physiological,

cognitive and multi-language benefits of the

AEIOU cross upon superficial inspection as it

requires the benefits to be explained to the

potential user. Additionally, if the ABC grid is not

claimed, the licensee may simply wish to avoid

license fees for the AEIOU and thus deliberately

or inadvertently rob the end-user in the public

domain from the advantages of the AEIOU cross- navigational writing instrument. However, if the

ABC grid is claimed by OrrPad for all applications

(other than where is may be already employed)

manufacturers will have licensing costs associated

with both the ABC grid and the AEIOU cross and

thus not have a financial motive to impose the

inferior ABC grid on the public. Current keypads

such as Qwerty were not designed for the

electronic age and the increasing array of small

electronics. Nor was it designed

Figure imgf000023_0001
Figure imgf000024_0001
Figure imgf000025_0001


OrrPad Applications: MousekeyPad, MousekeyDrive, OnePad, Phones, Disabilities, Accessibility- Part D

Musical Instrument, Hospitals, Military, Calc, Direct 41 1/91 1 , Spacepad, Sample Scripts.


A Flip Cover OrrPad OnePad Hard Drive is

equipped with a flip cover screen (or slide screen)

to serve as s a monitor. It can be oriented vertically

or horizontally or even with a swivel mechanism

to flip it back as an easel stand or flipped flat to the

back of the unit when used as a desk mouskeypad.

Folding clamshell OnePad w/ hard drive. With

Optional phone, PDA, mini PC or other feature

Simple Phone Style One Pad or Orrpad text

capable phone- Optional flip back monitor to

allow better mousekeypad operation when plugged

into a desktop monitor. A rotating monitor would

Figure imgf000026_0001

allow better web browsing capability: 3.2b. The Blind OrrPad is claimed for those with sight-deficits. This is very helpful to the blind as

3. Orrpad as an input keyboard on a phone: the OrrPad layouts can be memorized without the

Only 5 keys wide (good for fat fingers) benefit of sight. The OrrPad mnemonics are easily memorized at first use, and like a musical

Prior Art: Compared to micro-Qwerty: instrument the brain recognizes that each letter has

Ten keys across, is too many keys wide, and the a qualitative relationship to the whole and can keys are narrow predict the location of each letters in a spatial relationship to the whole. Furthermore, the keypad

5. Orr Pad for those with a Disability The Orr is entirely under one hand. The Braille OrrPad is

Pad system offers many features for the blind, deaf offered in English and its variants, and is also mute, or even quadriplegic; and others with special claimed in other character sets with a different needs. An OrrPad would be the best keyboard Braille system. Braille enabled OrrPad devices layout for the systems designed for quadriplegics can offer sound to state which letter was struck. who choose letters from a monitor, by mouse or by

nodes implanted in the brain, because the layout 3.2c. Finger Guides of raised or depressed areas has mnemonic order. enhances RPS (Relative Position System) typing, and optional finger guides can assist the beginner

6. The Blind- An electronic writing tool for the or physically impaired.

blind an early Orr Pad invention. 3.2d. Braille Bump Key faces for the Blind may Focus Field: Claimed is the Orr Pad focus field be employed. We have optional colored key faces, grid base of 4x7, 5x5 and 5x6 as a new use.. why not bumps?

Cross Layout: Also claimed is the mnemonic

layout of the AEIOU cross or meme blocks. 3.2e. Audio Feedback Verification for the Blind Vertical Channeling: Vertical channeling of any may be optionally employed for the blind to verify mnemonic allows the user to instantly memorize with a sound, with each strike, the identity of each the letter assignments for each finger. The OrrPad key which key has been struck for numbers, was initially conceived in a horizontal layout and letters, punctuation, and function keys, etc.

then turned vertically, as it is easier to use blindly.

3.1 Quadriplegic Communication Pad- An improvement is claimed for the system whereby a quadriplegic person can control a cursor on a computer screen with his thoughts alone. This feat is accomplished by implanting an electrode in the brain, in the area that controls the hand. As the quadriplegic person thinks about moving the hand

Orr Pad: for Blind Use he is gradually able to effect moving the cursor on the screen and thus able to control a computer and communicate with the outside world. The Orr Pad OrrPad Applications: MousekeyPad, MousekeyDrive, OnePad, Phones, Disabilities, Accessibility- Musical Instrument, Hospitals, Military, Calc, Direct 41 1/91 1 , Spacepad, Sample Scripts.

AEIOU layout better enables a neural implant

system of cursor control because the Orr Pad

AEIOU layout is a much easier and a more

neurophysiologically efficient layout to enable the

location of keys. The problem with Qwerty and the

electrode cursor device is that as Qwerty requires

more "searching" the user confuses the electrode

and thus effects less control over the cursor with

his more diffuse and confused thoughts alone.

Searching on an AEIOY system is direct and

logical, not random. Furthermore, the astronomy,

maritime and GPS inspired Relative Position

System navigation organization and the musical

Figure imgf000027_0001

instrument aspects of the AEIOU layout where After: OrrPad improves user interface by each key has a logical systemic relationship to the providing multiple mnemonic strings and the XY whole, allows the brain to "learn" the "system" not element of cross navigation references: The just the precise location of each key as one must AEIOU cross (horizontal or vertical) OrrPad is with the disorganized Qwerty. It is easier for an the most mnemonic layout possible for the location electrode user to find keys on an AEIOU Orr Pad of Roman letters. The AEIOU cross has 7 than it is to find a letter on the random QWERTY mnemonic alphabetical strings plus 5 cross arrangement. The Orr Pad has systemic logic that intersections creating X and Y coordinates to the neurophysiology of the brain will recognize; allow the brain to find Roman letters the easiest while QWERTY has no logic the brain recognizes. way physically possible.

OrrPad for the Quadriplegic: Advances in

neuroscience has yielded a new approach to

enabling the quadriplegic to operate a computer.

Researchers have been able to successfully implant

electrodes into the brain of a paralyzed person in

the area of the brain that controls forefinger, hand

or eyelid etc motion. As the paralyzed person

imagines using that body part he sends signals

from the brain to the computer and gradually is

able to learn to control a cursor on a computer

screen to select onscreen letters and button, etc.

OrrPad can enhance the success of the brain

implant user interface by providing the best layout

possible. OrrPad makes the location of keys easier

for the brain to calculate with frames of reference,

mnemonic blocks, vertical finger assignments, and

cross navigation with X and Y coordinates.

Before: Qwerty was tried first but it proved

difficult for users to find anything with no

cognitive mnemonic whatsoever and motor-skill

does not apply once it is no longer used by the two

hands as in normal typing:

Figure imgf000027_0003

Figure imgf000027_0002
OrrPad Applications: MousekeyPad, MousekeyDrive, OnePad, Phones, Disabilities, Accessibility- Part D Musical Instrument, Hospitals, Military, Calc, Direct 41 1/91 1 , Spacepad, Sample Scripts.

Cross intersections break-up an otherwise single 3.4. The Mute: Those who cannot speak for alphabetical string of the ABC mnemonic to create themselves; the mute, could carry an Orr Pad to reference points within alphabetical order and thus speak for them. A person no capable of speech establishes X and Y cross-coordinates. could carry their little Orr Pad, type in their text and have the text speak aloud for them, or the

X and Y cross coordinates allows the brain to

person to whom they are communicating could pinpoint location just as X and Y coordinates

read their input. The Orr Pad design best enables allows location finding in GPS and maritime

this because of the small and rapid user-friendly navigation where X Y coordinates are also used.

interface in multiple languages that can Tit in the palm of the hand. The tiny thumb operated Qwerty keypad is too clumsy and slow compared to the

3.2f. Public Access- Claimed is public access to preferred embodiment of the Orr Pad.

Orr Pad. MOUNTED: The unique one-hand

capability of the preferred embodiment of the Orr 3.5. Hospital Patient Communicator, Patient Pad enables mounted placement of the Orr Pad Monitor and Care Chart- Claimed is a bedside keypad on flat, angled or wall surfaces allowing communication device that can fit in one hand or at one hand touch-typing for the maximum number bedside to be used by the bed-bound. The Orr Pad of persons and languages not possible with a can be employed to access hospital personnel, Qwerty (Azerty, etc.) style keypad. email and type documents or surf on the internet or control hospital TV or monitors. The Orr Pad can

PLUG AND CARRY: Furthermore, if desired, blind be used as a phone or to retrieve or send email and (or other) persons could carry and plug-in their can include an Mp3 player. It could be enabled own Orr Pad to communicate on any public or with a claimed option of an Orr Pad feature private computer made accessible with a plug-in whereby the key-set may be changed into tilled port for USB or Firewire, etc., This would also be icon images representing various communication useful for any person with a claimed "One Pad". needs of the ill such as an emergency call button; The only public accommodation needed would be but also non-emergency or urgent requests such as to have a port for USB or Firewire, etc. on public "water" or "pain", If the unit cannot be hand devices by which to attach an Orr Pad. Part of the operated by the patient it might be equipped with beauty of the Orr Pad design is that it does not speech operation or a biting mechanism for those necessarily rely on Braille; the fact that the Orr unable to use their hands. Additionally, a claim is Pad preferred embodiment layout enhances motor- made for allowing the One Pad (or a separate pad) memory makes it possible to type, with practice, to keep track of the patient's vital information such exceedingly accurately even in one handed as heart rate, blood pressure, temperature, applications, such as mounted or handheld as well intracranial pressure, blood gas levels, blood as on a desk surface. medication levels, etc, as well as doctor and healthcare worker input such as the patient's chart,

Ideally, if the Orr Pad became a standard interface records of medication and treatment. The pad for public access units, pay phones, cell phones would stay with the patient, insuring better care. and in offices etc, the blind could always be able

to communicate electronically wherever they

might be, if the Orr Pad was commonly used as a 4. Orr Pad "One Pad" for Students: If each keypad interface. student had their own Orr Pad enabled One Pad as a Mouskeypad with hard drive they would only need to plug it into a monitor at school. Thus they

3.3. Orr Pad for the Deaf- The Orr Pad for the would be responsible for their own data and Deaf enables the input of text so the deaf would be

hardware. This would substantially save money able to make a phone call and speak by inputting

for schools if they only needed to provide a text to be read or the transmutation of their text monitor for each desk in each room, not an entire into aural speech. The deaf could type and computer for each desk in each room. Students communicate their conversations in real time on an

may use a laptop for full-sized use, with an Orr Orr Pad enabled phone. Recipients would be able

Pad / One Pad as their small device that can be to read the conversation if they too have an Orr

carried in a pocket or purse that also has an Mp3 Pad keypad or any text messaging box on their player feature and phone in one unit. Orr Pad / phone If all phones had an Orr Pad, All deaf

One Pad units may contain educational persons could communicate by text or synthesized

applications that allows the student to study even speech to all other persons if text capable Orr Pads

without a full-sized computer or with heavy books were available.

to carry. The books can be within the Orr Pad / OrrPad Applications: MousekeyPad, MousekeyDrive, OnePad, Phones, Disabilities, Accessibility- Musical Instrument, Hospitals, Military, Calc, Direct 41 1/91 1 , Spacepad, Sample Scripts.

One Pad, by downloading reading materials or by and with minimal practice, it may be operated with reading directly on the web. Online courses and one-hand without the need to look at the keypad. teacher course notes and assignments are currently

•Masking Featu re allows the keypad to be available. A laptop cannot always be carried safely

operated as small as a postage stamp, i f the or easily: a OnePad can be carried in the pocket

software has an OrrPad claimed "masking" thus more safely by students than a laptop.

feature, which identifies the center of contact, essentially masking all but a small point of finger

5. Orr Pad for Military Applications: contact to allow precision selection in a small area,

The Orr Pad keypad system would allow each even though the finger covers a much larger area. soldier to carry his own One Pad with all of his Masking allows fingers to act as a precision stylus. information and communication needs in hand and

• Vertical Alphabet allows fingers to locate keys be able to type one-handed, full handed or even

along a vertical mnemonic spinal assignment one thumbed in the field using a small monitor or a

unique to each finger, not possible with a heads-up display rather than relying on a large

horizontal mnemonic.

laptop in a military vehicle. He/she could type

with the Orr pad attached to his wrist as a watch or • Index Finger Fan layout allows the "smarter" on his clothing and type one-handed in the dark. index finger the range of freedom to observe its The two thumb-operated Qwerty uses a visual hunt natural fan motion to cover keys of columns A&E. and peck with one or two thumbs or one finger.

• Thumb Sweep allows the thumb to access The OrrPad keypad preferred embodiment design

function keys in a natural horizontal sweep below allows the operation of a full alphanumeric keypad

fingers and in a natural Toggle between thumb and with one hand while simultaneously operating a

fingers to alternate between functions and letters. vehicle and keeping one's eyes on the travel path

ahead. Ideal for: aircraft, submarines, spacecraft, • Key Assignment Load of each finger is cars, trucks, tanks and other vehicles. commensurate with the neural capacity of each finger. A "smart" finger, such as the index finger

Military Wearables: Soldiers can place, attach, (due to high neuronal capacity) has more keys or embed an OrrPad to their pants leg or other assigned to it. Whereas Qwerty has more keys location to allow them to type with just one hand, assigned to the less coordinated baby fingers; thus, and not have to hold a device with the other hand. users index hunt and peck on Qwerty.

• Global Language Scripts: For billions across the globe, and for those who write in multiple

M ilitary Vehicles - F-16 Fighter Jet

languages, this system can be applied to any script.

BE FORE- current hunt-and-peck design of the F- • Universal Application of OrrPad is possible for 16 Fighter jet pilot keypad: any vehicle air or sea craft or on any device

(PC/PDA/Mp3/Phone/GPS) to enable a universal

A FTER- with Orr Pad: input system.

F- 16 FIGHTER JET Orr Pad enabled Pilot Keypad :

• Cross-Coordinate Navigation of vowels and

consonants, or meme blocks of other language

properties, as reference coordinates to create a

relative position "map" to locate keys, akin to a

musical instrument where each sound/letter has a

predictable relationship to others and to the whole.

One H and 5x6 G rid enables reach of all keys

under one hand without looking at the keys, much

as an accountant can keep eyes on a spreadsheet

while simultaneously rapidly operating a ten key

calculator, because it is with under one hand. Eyes

stay on the page, not looking at the keyboard.

Pilots can look out the window or at a heads-up

display while typing, not looking at the keyboard. 6. A H uman Language Matrix- Orr Pad for

Blind was designed for use by the blind. The Foreign Language Access:

layout can be cognitively memorized at first use,

Figure imgf000030_0001
Figure imgf000031_0001
OrrPad Applications: MousekeyPad, MousekeyDrive, OnePad, Phones, Disabilities, Accessibility- Part D Musical Instrument, Hospitals, Military, Calc, Direct 41 1 /91 1 , Spacepad, Sample Scripts.

focus field: it possesses two work arenas the size of keyboards or other instruments to be able to of an octave moving within the peripheral reach of write their own musical compositions, thus four octaves per hand. The Orr Pad musical enabling more persons to write their own music, keyboard contains its musical scale within one (or even absent musical instrument motor-skill. two) hand-sized focus fields. In the electronic age,

without the need for acoustic capability, there is no Currently, keyboards and sampling of other reason why a keyboard instrument cannot be made person's works are the principle means of to be small. After all, violinists and guitarists move composition on digital instruments today. their hands in very small focus fields to depress Digitizing vocal information into compositions strings. The Orr Pad keypad system claims the use could revolutionize music making and increase of the keys of a focus-field (a set of keys that can access to the joy of song writing. The means of fit within the reach of one hand) as a digital making such a device is simple and is a new-use musical instrument. Shown in the enclosed combination of existing technologies: allow drawing is a schematic of how the sounds of the composers to record their voice and simply modify musical staff might be arranged on a 5x8 hand- the software user interface to make using vocal sized keypad. However, any-sized focus field is input as easy as keyboard input as the basis of claimed. A smaller focus field such as 5x5 would musical composition or modifying existing simply have fewer octaves available. The digital compositions. A voice-based composer requires musical instrument (DMI) may be adapted for the only a vocal recording input method and Qwerty and is so claimed. The inventive idea is corresponding software interface. It is not still the same. The instrument can be integrated necessary to have a musical keyboard available or into another device or a standalone device played skill to play it. If you can hum or sing, you can with one or two hands. have those compositions written into music and then electonically changed into instruments. Here,

Note Modifying Toggle: Additionally, the the voice becomes a means and a point of inventor claims the toggling capability of each key departure for creating and modifying musicalor the purpose of modifying its sound qualities in composition. However with a keyboard one would a similar fashion as a violinist might wiggle strings have the additional means of accessing and in his left hand or with his bow in his right to modifying musical notes that perhaps was initially modify sound qualities or to provide a means of created by the singing voice.

transforming a natural sound into a sharp or flat as

found in the utility of piano black keys which

provides sharp flat versions of the adjacent natural 8. Orr Pad Scientific or Business Calculator:

Claimed is an Orr Pad Business and Scientific notes; or other modification of sounds.

Calculator whereby: a full text keypad is

7b. Voice-based Composer: The new use integrated onto a calculator. For use as one or claimed, which permits the recording and more (or other purpose) such as the following: modification of the voice for the purpose of

inputting melody or sound as the basis of new (1) A Mathematical Alphabetical Directory is musical composition or to modify existing musical claimed which allows the user to alphabetically compositions on an OrrPad. This would allow locate scientific or business calculation functions. users to merely hum or sing new melodies or For example: listing "logarithmic functions" under melody modifications into their Orrpad as a the letter "L" or "Square root symbol may be musical device and then have the electronic found clustered with the letter "S".

capability to rework those sounds or pitch

sequences into any instrument or octave or other (2) Word Problem Capability by making the musical modification by any person. Thus, anyone alphabetical keypad available to the calculating who can hum could compose. Even notes deemed functions to state and solve mathematical word faulty, hummed or sung by, could be corrected at problems. This claimed innovation of a text will by the composer. Nearly every human being calculator could be used to slate and solve word is endowed with the ability to play a musical problems such as "How much is 3.016% of instrument, their natural musical instrument, is the $89,045.16?"

wind instrument of their natural voice. Digitizing

those sounds will allow users to compose and (3) Alphabetical Text Augmentation of calculations correct flaws, transpose into musical score and or numerical lists tables or charts. A combination transpose those vocal sounds into any instrument alphabetical keypad and calculator makes available or combination of instruments. This tool could an alphabet to augment mathematical functions also allow those who do not have the motor-skill OrrPad Applications: MousekeyPad, MousekeyDrive, OnePad, Phones, Disabilities, Accessibility- Part D Musical Instrument, Hospitals, Military, Calc, Direct 41 1/91 1, Spacepad, Sample Scripts.

with ordinary text such as item listings like "Rent" found the innovation is still claimed. (See separate or "Dr. Smith" or "coefficient". section for "Orr Pad Scientific Calculator Claim" (4) International Standard for the location of the in this patent filing.)

International Language of Scientific Greek Keys:

The innovation is claimed of locating international I CLAI M : ORR PAD SCIENTIFIC CALCULATOR: Greek and scientific functions where they can be The Orr calculator can have any of the options of a alphabetically found. The Greek symbols, business or scientific calculator; but unlike other scientific and mathematical functions are clustered calculators, the Orr calculator features the on or near the host letter with the closet

following aids; all of which are helpful to the alphabetical relationship. Thus, placement of

disabled in locating keys, as an underlying system international Greek scientific symbols on or near of logic is given.

an alphabetical host such as listing the Greek

16.1 Alphabetical Function Location- Functions symbol and mathematical function of delta "Δ" are listed as logically as possible with the first way under the host letter D or beta "β" under "B" being to look under the letter heading of the which is also in correct Greek order; or listing in a function according to alphabetical order. The name queue of choices square root and sine as well as of the function can be matched to the letter of the the Greek symbol and mathematical function of key face. This feature makes it substantially easier "∑" under the host of the letter "S". The Orr Pad to find functions. For example, "exponent" is preferred embodiment design with the AEIOU / found under the letter key E. "Cosine" is found ABC cross navigation allows the best consistency under C. "Radians" is found under R. "Tangent" possible of congruent international placement of under T and so forth. Any function or symbol both a Greek and Roman alphabetical order. needed on a calculator can be organized in the Orr However, the claim is made for Greek clustering alpha-proximate locator system.

on any keypad design. 16.1 .1 Piggybacking of Functions- If and when the target alphabetical order key already has an

This system would finally permit convenient

occupant function, secondary and additional casual and integrated insertion of full text

functions under that same letter may be capability in business, scientific and other

piggybacked and found with shift or option keys. mathematical documents and vice versa and

Symbols for functions found by using shift and standardize the location of scientific functions on

option keys may be shown on the face of the keys calculators so that they are located where they are

in the comer or may just be seen after striking the most easily found: alphabetically.

shift or option

16.1 .2 Proximal Alphabetical Location of Functions- In addition to, or alternatively; functions may be located on adjacent keys laterally or diagonally in keeping with an approximate alphabetical order; so that functions are clustered adjacently in the environs of the alphabetical target. In the example below, D is already occupied by "decimal"; so an additional function, "degree", was located diagonally adjacently under G. This way, users can find most functions by looking for them alphabetically and then shifting or looking on adjacent keys.

16.1 .3 Shape & Concept Location of Functions- In addition to looking in alphabetical order, including an alpha-proximate adjacent key search, and option or shift keys; the next locator mnemonics are ideas, shape or sound, etc. For example, letters O and U; which have been given in other arenas as symbols of universality may be used for more "universal" general functions such as +- and sci. An example of a shape mnemonic is as follows: Q bears a visual resemblance to Θ and % are thus located clustered with Q.

Figure imgf000033_0001
OrrPad Applications: MousekeyPad, MousekeyDrive, OnePad, Phones, Disabilities, Accessibility- Part D Musical Instrument, Hospitals, Military, Calc, Direct 41 1/91 1 , Spacepad, Sample Scripts.

16.2. Scientific & Business Functions given here Claimed is a communication or information device are examples of how to apply the Orr method of with a keypad or a phone or both affixed to the combining an alphanumeric keypad with a body on the wrist in a similar fashion as a watch calculator and the Orr method of function location. and can also be inclusive of a watch. The Orr Pad However, functions are not just restricted to the preferred embodiment keypad design best enables functions given in these examples. Any other the placement of a keypad on the wrist because of function is claimed when employing the Orr its suitability for being made small and operated method. Other functions deemed necessary by a with one hand or a stylus. (See fig. drawing) user or manufacturer may be incorporated into a

Claimed is a wrist-based spacekeypad or spacepad keypad by the Orr method.

whereby signals are cast and or received by a

16.2.2. Orr Calculator Specialized Layers may device worn on the wrist to create a keypad in free be changed with an option key; in the same way space into which a user may type. An Orr we change language character sets in order to spacepad can cast a hardware free keypad for users access the specialized calculators such as: to type in free space or a claim for a wrist based everyman calculator, tax, stock-market, loan, laser keypad whereby a laser keypad is cast onto a investment, actuary or other business calculators, a surface from the wrist device so that the user may real estate calculator, engineering calculator, a enjoy the familiarity of typing on a hard surface. graphing calculator, astronomical calculator, etc.

Additional functions may be substituted, custom- programmed, or added by shifting and/or adding

another change of character/function layer. 10. Orr Pad Spacekeypad or Spacepad: Claimed

16.3 The Alphanumeric Typing Calculator. The is a spacekeypad communication or information idea of placing a scientific or business calculator device, worn on the wrist like a watch, as a ring, or on top on an alphanumeric keypad also provides other method, to set a field to thus enable a for a keypad with which to type text. The Orr spacepad, whereby the user merely types in space Scientific Calculator can type text of any usual into the field cast from the watch-like device, purpose, and for accounting may type text which registers the placement of the fingers to headings, to identify a list of accounted items or enable the user to break a field to create a signal, more fully describe a mathematical problem. that is entered as keystroke information. A writing

16.3.1 Word Problems- The Orr Pad also enables instrument that allows the user to type or the technology to read, write, understand and solve handwrite in free space or on any surface. Input of word problems, such as "What is 5% of 100?" just letters is transmitted to the user's PDA or by typing in the text of the question, or with voice computer monitor, holographic or other spatial recognition, asking the question verbally. The On- visual as writing.

alphanumeric keypad claims these features. Can be

Any suitable receiver system can be implemented. compatible with existing word problem software

One example is an Orr Pad claimed system, such as Math Cad.

similar to that of the naturally occurring dolphin

16.4 Languages- As English, Roman and Greek reception of signals, which could calculate the Letters are the current standards in the scientific precise spatiolemporal location of finger community, the keypad complies with that relationships or relationship of fingers to the wrist standard. The Orr methods may also be adapted to and thus keystroke input. On the end of each other languages and are similarly so clamed. Any finger, or writing stylus, can be a reception array language keypad can be made to have an On- unit with offset receivers in relationship one to the scientific calculator and may be may be applied to other (like dolphin teeth) to allow the accurate other language keypads. perception of distances relative to the base even

16.5 The Calculator Option- The Orr Scientific while the base might moving and changing Calculator may be an option for any keypad. dynamically, the relationship between fingers and Selected by option keys or menus, similar to the base remains constant.

changing a language. Additionally, a computer

can have a pop-up on-screen Orr calculator I CLA IM- SPACEKEYPAD: Claimed is a: (a) window that may be clicked on and off as needed. "spacekeypad" or "spacepad" or other name;

whereby a user may merely type fingers in space and the location of the fingers breaks a signal emanating from a device, such as worn on the wrist, or other, to effect a keystroke and input.

9. Wristpad, Watchpad or Watchphone: OrrPad Applications: MousekeyPad, MousekeyDrive, OnePad, Phones, Disabilities, Accessibility- Part D Musical Instrument, Hospitals, Military, Calc, Direct 41 1/91 1 , Spacepad, Sample Scripts. -

A one-hand spacekeypad layout must permit each

key to have a unique position relative to the fixed

wrist so that which spacekey signal being broken is

unambiguous. Qwerty cannot permit this. The Orr

Pad AEIOU cross grid modified for spacepad use

enables the one-hand spacepad. A layout may be

pre-set or custom set according to the user.

To custom set the key positions of the spacepad

layout, the user turns on the "layout setting" option

and sets each layout key as follows: the user

merely types in space the short alphabetical

sequence for each finger; wherever the finger falls

is where that key may be set. For example, the

letters ABCD are assigned to the index finger, the

user types ABCD vertically in space and where the

fingers fall is where the spacekeys shall be once

the user agrees to "set" the positions.

Example: The Spatial Domain of one Spacekey.

The field broken is not a square, but a threshold, or

Figure imgf000035_0001

reigon violated. The threshold can be modified to

size, sha

VERTICAL FINGER CHANNELING: Vertical channeling of alphabetical order significantly improves motor-memory and enables ease of use on a spacekeypad application. This is because each finger is assigned keys in alphabetical order

Figure imgf000035_0002
making cognitive memory near instantaneous and

Spatial position of spacekeys may be set and reset motor-memory easier to acquire with applied according to the most natural position for the practice. A spacepad could be blind if needed but user's finger placement: For example: the vertical would require practice and thus a motor-memory sequence of ABCD and EFGH may be fan shaped aid such as vertical alphabetical order to assist Ihis to match the fan action of the assigned index process is vital for the success of the user- and the finger. Or U may be dropped lower than 0 to success of the product. With vertical alphabetical accommodate the shorter pinkie finger if the order the mind can more quickly memorize an pinkie finger is assigned the letters U V W X Y Z. index finger assignment of ABCD- EFGH than memorizing an index finger assignment of TYGHBN. Fingers naturally move up-and-down principally in vertical channels; rather like waving bye-bye. The best method to memorize letter assignments for is to maintain a vertical alphabetical order for each finger.

The spacekeypad claim includes other aspects: (b) A spacepad device which emanates a signal; such as from a claimed Orr Pad watchkeypad or other watch-like or even a claimed ring device

Figure imgf000035_0003
worn on the finger or wrist or other body part or claimed signal device held into place by or as

NATURAL POSITION OF A FOUR-FINGER FALL IN A clothing or merely held in the hand or placed on a LEFT-HANDED ORIENTATION: surface or emanating from an external support whereby a signal system may be cast forth that can be broken by the movement of fingers into a' "space" designated for a particular key. The inventor claims the innovation of casting a keypad in a position relative to the wrist or in a ring OrrPad Applications: MousekeyPad, MousekeyDrive, OnePad, Phones, Disabilities, Accessibility- Part D Musical Instrument, Hospitals, Military, Calc, Direct 41 1 /91 1 , Spacepad, Sample Scripts.

device casting a signal of finger movement default of the spacepad allows only one key to be relative to each finger, or affixed by or embedded struck at a time.

into the body or clothing which casts a pad arena

(i) A custom 3-D Spatial Arena Grid is claimed relative the worn device such as cast from a waist

whereby the user types his space keypad into this device, eyeglasses, head wear or armband, etc;

air and setting his grid dimensions in an Orr Pad, thus, allowing the user to move their hand in space

Qwerty, any custom manner or to his or her finger and wherever the wrist goes (or other relative

movements. OR:

position signal emanating device) so will the

(j) The device can emanate a fixed-design 3-D keypad follow.

Spatial Arena Grid or a flat fixed qwerty suitable only for the one-hand spacepad.

The Orr Pad preferred embodiment of the

Spacepad introduces the innovations of: (c) There is currently a grid on the market that casts a Keypad signals emanating relative to the wrist so fixed grid onto a surface; however the Orr Pad that the keypad moves where the hand moves. claims innovative features beyond their invention : Since the fingers and hand have a fixed range of (a) The casting of a signal from a watch-like motion relative to the wrist any motion of the device so that the keypad moves with the hand and fingers is unam biguous relative to the wrist thus thus the signal grid is relative to the user's wrist or this innovation enables the one hand wrist front other fixed position from where the signal projection spacekeypad. (d) Alternatively, a Orr emanates. A fixed relative position is essential in Pad wrist device may project a keypad, laser, enabling a spacekeypad. The inventor exploits the holographic or other, below the wrist of one hand fact that fingers always move precisely relative to onto which the user may type with the other hand. the wrist. Thus a clean keypad grid may be cast This is called a Two Hand Wrist Projection form the wrist and the fingers may move in that method and would be the easiest to implement spatial arena to type.

with today's technology. The inputted information b) THE 3-D ASPECT is an innovation, so users may could be read on a watch screen or transmitted to a type in space more readily, if the shape and larger screen (on either a one hand or two hand positional disposition of the spacekeys is variable spacepad.) There may or may not be an image for in size, shape, position and curvature and size, etc. the user to see. In principle an image is not to accommodate the shape on the way their necessary for operation, but may be necessary to personal fingers naturally fall. This feature marks appeal to the new user. Once users acquire motor- the key location boundary to be broken to fit memory they could type blindly in space with where the fingers move, rather than on a surface; confidence; yet a visible guide would always and is (b) a customizing feature of the Spacepad remain desirable.

(e) The breaking of signals or a signal relative A one-hand space keypad has ( 1 ) an arrangement position detection method may be used. (0 Thus, of letters that allows the user to type in space, also claimed is movement detection relative to the because each key assignment has a specific other fingers rather than the movement of fingers relationship to the whole of the other keys relative relative to the wrist. Signals and thus relative to the forearm, wrist fingers; or other point of position detection may be received and or reference where a field may be cast onto which transmitted by rings, embedded devices, special one types. When the arm is moved, therefore the nail polish or other form of tracking changes in the entire system is moved.

relative position movements of fingers, (g) Orr Pad

claims the optional innovation of: A three- ( I b) Whereas with qwerty, the keypad does not dimensional spatial arena keypad that the signals conform to the hand, the hand conforms to the create. The 3D innovation allows the fingers to keypad; moving the hand over the keypad as find a discrete area designated for a particular key required, violating the relative posiiion of keys more readily than being limited to an emanated located in relationship to the wrist, to strike keys. keypad with a flat surface. Emanating a keypad in

three dimensions shapes allows maximum ( l c) The small Orr Pad layouts enables a one-hand flexibility of the keypad to conform to where spacekeypad because each individual person may fingers most naturally fall. Whereas the two-hand type in space to set the position of each finger spacepad could emanate a flat screen, the one-hand assignment, by breaking a field, to establish for spacepad is likely to be curved to follow natural each person, a unique location for each key finger-fall positions, (h) Additionally, a 4lh relative to a unique position of each of the other dimension of time can be introduced whereby the keys. OrrPad Applications: MousekeyPad, MousekeyDrive, OnePad, Phones, Disabilities, Accessibility- Musical Instrument, Hospitals, Military, Calc, Direct 41 1/91 1 , Spacepad, Sample Scripts.

A limitation of the Qwerty is that its arrangement the field at the unique place of each letter or of letters does not facilitate relative position typing function relative to the whole of the cast field. in space. If the keypad moves with the wrist, it is

difficult for qwerty cannot offer relative position

as it is very wide, fingers cross signals spaces, the 1 1. Mobile Police or Medical Emergency keys are offset one to the other, and the absence of Dispatch One Pad Terminal: The Orr Pad system mnemonic to the layout makes it more difficult for enables comfortable full-text typing on a small users to begin to memorize the position of the electronic device. Each police officer or keys. The Qwerty however could be used, if emergency personnel in the field (or other field desired on the one-hand spacepad emanating form worker) could have a tiny hand-held computer the bottom of the wristpad. Even then, one would communication device with them at all times or be typing with one hand and the cross navigation mounted in their car like a GPS navigation system. keypad would be preferable, but Qwerty could be The user may type one-handed without looking at used on the one-hand spacepad and is so claimed. the keypad while still operating a vehicle or could remove and hold the unit in hand: for one thumb,

The Orr Pad enables a spacekeypad as the user is two-thumb, one index finger or full one-hand able to easily type in space the Orr Pad operation. The small unit may have its own small arrangement, break a field, and establish the key screen, but when mounted, it could automatically position for their hand. Each key location will be be connected to larger screen. The Police (or able tot have a unique position relative to the Emergency personnel or other field worker) could whole that a user can memorize and execute. The take their OnePad back into the office (or home) above definition of the spacekeypad innovation containing their own information to be connected and method is claimed as part of the domain of the to a larger desktop monitor. Their One Pad can be Orr Pad. Some of Qwerty's limitations to enable a continuously updated by the main police or spacekeypad are as follows: Qwerty is too wide at emergency dispatch office and also serve as a ten keys across. An Orr Pad can offer 5 keys phone for the men in the field.

across. With ten keys, the hand would have to

sweep significantly at the wrist to find a unique 12. A Yellow Pages Keypad, Direct Directory, position relative to the fixed portion of the Direct 41 1 or 91 1 Service by typing: The Orr forearm. As it is, even an Orr Pad requires some Pad enables a small keypad suitable for placement lateral wrist motion, although minimal, to establish not only on mobile phones, but also on phones unique positions of each key relative to the manufactured for home or office use, which would forearm. It is on the forearm, just above the wrist, allows 41 1 and 91 1 by typing requests of where on may wear, a watch or watch-like device, assistance, which may be provided by phone or bracelet or implant, etc.; or other device that directory companies, or city emergency dispatch. casts a field: infrared, radio or other, that may be

"broken" when the fingers "type" in space. This Claimed is a Direct Directory or Direct 411 or innovation is claimed whether the user employs an 911 whereby a user directly types requests and Orr Pad letter layout or not. A claim is made for receives a direct reply to their request on the any arrangement of keys that the user chooses in screen of their phone or other receiving device. order to type in "space" into a field set by a device

which moves when the arm moves; but not when

the hand and fingers move in order to type. A This would be of great economic value to phone distinction is made between the innovation of a directory companies as it would reduce the number laser infrared or other field cast such as in the field of 41 1 live operators that were necessary and cast onto a flat table onto which one types and the directory requests could be better controlled by the Orr Pad innovation of having a field be cast from user and at less expense to the consumer.

the wrist to enable the Orr Pad spacekeypad. The preferred embodiment of the Orr Pad allows Casting the field from the wrist area allows the easy one-hand dialing or one index finger or one user to "carry" the field wherever they move their thumb control as users presently employ on their arm. However, a second innovation required to go current phones. The 5 key across Orr Pad can fit along with the fied being cast from an arm device, neatly on hand-held cordless phones or on the the is an arrangement of keys whereby each key has a base of desk phones.

relationship to the whole, no matter where one

moves one's arm: the wrist, hand and fingers and Direct 411 Directory is claimed for any keypad hand can move freely across the cast field to break layout including Qwerty, etc. in any language on a phone or other device. OrrPad Applications: MousekeyPad, MousekeyDrive, OnePad, Phones, Disabilities, Accessibility- Musical Instrument, Hospitals, Military, Calc, Direct 41 1 /91 1 , Spacepad, Sample Scripts.

Direct 41 1 for Mule, Speech Impaired or those small viewing screen, full-text-and-mouse who speak a Foreign Language on phones would electronic computer document creation and where allow the hearing impaired or those speaking a airwave phone or internet is available, full-text foreign language to type 41 1 inquiries from any communication and web-browsing would be phone and access Yellow Pages and Directory possible with an Orr Pad keypad.

Services without speaking or hearing,

16. Orphaned Orr Pad / One Pads for the Poor:

13. Hotel & H ospitality Phone (Not a claim, just a suggestion to increase access)

An OrrPad enabled in-house phone system in The biggest problem of universal access to hotels and other businesses can provide typing electronic communication is access for the poor, capability to allow guests to order room service, the illiterate and those without electricity, receive messages, direct questions to the frontdesk computers or internet coverage. Electronics are or concierge and type 41 1 Directory requests. If expensive; and society faces having two groups: web-connected, guests could get restaurant or the have and the have-nots of access to electronic tourist info, or check email. communications. Orr Pad suggests the Orr Pad

One Pad units; which are no longer used by their owners, are considered Orphaned Orr Pads. The Orphaned Orr Pad/ One Pads or other used

14. GPS Units: The one handed capability of Orr electronic devices; can be recycled to help with the goal of universal access to electronic Pad makes it far better suited than Qwerty for use

while operating an auto, aircraft, or sea-craft. The communication highways, by donating their old vertical ABC allows immediate memorization of units to be adopted by the needy and receive a tax letter assignments for each finger. Exceptional deduction for their donation. Orr Pad devices can be very small, therefore inexpensive and very multi-language capability allows users, such as in

language rich; and of course, motor-memory user auto rental, to conveniently change language to

friendly. Thus, Orr Pad One Pads and phones with suit the changing customer. There were $ 14

embedded Orr Pads and Internet access can be the billion sales of GPS units in year 2003.

small language capable and user-friendly first electronic typing communication and information devices for developing peoples.

15. TV Remote: An OrrPad enabled combination

16. Com bined-use Applications: Orr Pad claims Remote + Keyboard + Mouse woild alllow one

the innovation of the combined use of any Orr Pad hand or one thumb input into a remote control in

system innovation with any non-OrrPad product order to communicate with the TV. One could

such as, but not limited to: cell phones, pagers, directly type the name of a movie, search the TV

or cable guide, search the Help section, order a land phones, navigation systems such as GPS, any remote control device, personal digital assistants pay-per-view film, etc. Or, if connected to the

(PDAs), translators, information devices, web, make Twitter and Facebook comments, or

communications devices, internet devices, photo surf the web, or check email, all with the remote

or video devices, computer keyboards, keypads in contro and TV as monitor. The OrrPad layout

general, mouse (mice?), security systems, ATM allows users to type letters while keeping eyes on

the monitor. By year 2000, there were over 1 machines, information kiosks, musical and music playing devices; or any other product, invented or billion televisions worldwide.

not yet invented, in combination with any Orr Pad system innovation. The above are some example products, but not limited to, that are potential

13. Public Phones, Kiosk or Registration licensees of Orr Pad innovations. (See Drawings Modules can be equipped with an OrrPad: for pictures)

14. Hand Power: Orr Pad claims a hand-crank

powered version of an Orr Pad PDA or phone or

other communication device to empower those

without access to electricity or internet to power

their device and thus receive phone and internet

access through airwaves when available. If the

user has an Orr Pad keypad enabled device with OrrPad Applications: MousekeyPad, MousekeyDrive, OnePad, Phones, Disabilities, Accessibility- Musical Instrument, Hospitals, Military, Calc, Direct 41 1/91 1 , Spacepad, Sample Scripts.

16. Any Orr Pad feature is claimed on any 19- Onboard: Auto/Truck/Plane/Spacecraft/Boats/ device or APPLICATION Subs/Taxis or other vehicles.

1 - Yellow Pages / 41 1 Directory or 91 1 for 20- Any Size Monitor, Desk, Notebook, Laptop, Phone, PC, PDA, etc. Phone, Hand-held, Hip-top, Watch, etc.

2- Phones of any kind: Home, public, office, 21 - Micro or mini Watch or Pen-sized computers, computer, mobile, PDA, 3G, etc. phones, GPS, or PDA's

3- Mouse eyPads and one-hand keypads 22- Police or Emergency or Medical or Dispatch

4- CD/Mp3 players, Radio Tuners; or any other Terminals, or Morse code applications. media players. 23- Braille and Speech or Hearing impaired

5- Navigation systems, GPS or any other Keypad applications

6- ATM machines 24- Para or Quadriplegic, Cerebral Palsy or other

7- TV, TV Remote, web TV remote and disability enabling applications.

Convergence TV keypad applications 25- Cyborgs, robots, virtual reality keypads or

8- Musical application using Orr keypad features artificial brains.

9- Games 26- 3G or other convergence technology

10- Alphabet or Typing Tutor teaching tools 27- Neural implant information input applications.

1 1 - Cameras 28- Touch Screen Pad, Point and click keypad.

12- Alarms or Security Systems 29- Any non-electronic presentation of the keypad

13- Inventory Input systems or Sales Registers arrangements, such as an image

14- Language Translators and Transliterators 30- Credit Cards

15- Calculators 31 - Any electronic device or computer; and any

16- Electronic Wallets, Currency or Smart Cards other present, past or future technology or

17- Machines for stenography, court reporter, application that employs a keypad.

shorthand, phonetic phonography, etc. (See Drawings for sample images of

18- Any Remote input or control device potential combined-use applications)

OrrPad - Language Scripts: INTRO 1. Roman 2. Greek 3. Cyrillic (+A1I Euro OrrPad) Part C 1 -4

4a-c. All-Euro OrrPad: Ronian-Greck-Cyrillic 4a ALL EURO PAD- GREEK 5X6: (4b is a 5x5)

The All Euro OrrPad combines Roman, Greek,

and Cyrillic scripts, to represent the major

languages of Europe claimed in either 5x6 or 6x5

orientation. Each Euro Orr Pad writes in over 100

languages. In the All Euro Orr Pad, Roman, Greek

and Cyrillic letters are all in native alphabetical

order. Vowels are clustered in a block for all

languages. Consonants are also blocked for all

languages. It is most mnemonic as an AEIOU

cross. Vertical alphabet channeling allows instant

knowledge of typing assignments for each finger.

Figure imgf000040_0004


With Greek and Cyrillic as alternates. 5x5 piggied.

Roman vowels (red) Consonants (black)

• Includes 1 15 Roman accents (green)

• Greek (5x6 pad) is found on lower left (in blue)

Cyrillic (5x5) on lower right (pink) Semi-piggied

The BFJPV row can accommodate punctuation

• Piggied 5x5 or full Cyrillic 5x6 or 6x5 is claimed

(See 4c for expanded Cyrillic)

The expression Piggied is short for piggybacked,

where more than one character is found on a key.

In this version, letters B+ Ϋ.< + E are piggied on

Roman B+ 1+ E. However, B can be de-piggied

Figure imgf000040_0003
Figure imgf000040_0005

and placed on the Roman F key to the right and


still remain in a blocked Cyrillic proxy X6

Also claimed when rotated to become a 6x5, alphabetical order; as F is free, since Cyrillic E is

This OrrPad shows full Cyrillic on keyfaces with piggied with Roman E.

Roman and Greek as alternate scripts.

This Euro OrrPad writes over 100 languages





Figure imgf000040_0002

Figure imgf000040_0001
Figure imgf000041_0001
OrrPad - Language Script 4 Chinese Part C - 4

CHINESE is written and spoken in its various

forms by 1.3 billion people. Most languages use a

phonetic system where letters represent sounds of

the spoken language. However, Chinese does not

have phonetic sound letters but characters

representing ideas. For example the Chinese

characters meaning sun 0 and moon^ combined

into a single character of: B Ά means "bright" as

this is a quality both the sun and moon share.

Since ideas are expressed rather than sounds,

Chinese ideographic text may be read and

understood across the myriad of different sounding

spoken languages. Those who are literate in China,

Japan and Korea, and South Asia who have

learned Chinese characters can read them, even

though they speak different languages and

pronounce the characters completely differently.

TRADITIONAL CH IN ESE is used mostly outside of

China in Taiwan, Japan, Korea, etc. It is comprised

of 50,000 or so characters: each representing

individual ideas rather than sounds. The "ideas"

are written as STROKES of the pen; and when

layered, these strokes create the stroke-layered

ideogram characters of Chinese. Each addition of a

stroke adds complexity of meaning. There are 12

types of stokes. Up to 33 such stokes can be

layered into one character. Each character fits into

a uniform rectangular shape. Strokes are layered in

a specific order. Chinese was originally written

vertically but may also be written horizontally.

The ideas are organized by RADICALS which is a

simple stroke character representing the simplest

form of an idea such as A meaning "person". By

adding stokes to the radical, one achieves greater

differentiation of that concept such as "sales

person" or "teacher person". Example below:

Figure imgf000042_0001
Figure imgf000042_0002
Figure imgf000043_0003

Part l a-g. ROMAN PHONETIC METHODS: was invented by the British in 1858, modified in

Pinyin is a 1912, but was superseded by Pinyin in 1979.

Wade-Giles is still understood and used mostly by system whereby Roman script to used to

Chinese and foreigners outside of Mainland China. phonetically write Chinese languages. The 26

A Wade-Giles OrrPad writes using unique accents. Roman letters with 26 vowel accents designed for

Chinese language pronunciation is the official Comparison of Pinyin and Wade-Giles Mandarin: system for phonetic writing of Mandarin in Example: the word At ifc in Pinyin is Beijing, Mainland China. Pinyin was approved in 1958, whereas the same word in Wade-Giles is Peking. and in 1979, Mao Tse Tung decreed Pinyin as a

replacement for the Wade-Giles phonetic system.

The International Organization for Standardization

(ISO) adopted pinyin as the international standard

of Romanizing modern Mandarin Chinese. Pinyin

was designed for Mandarin only, the largest

Chinese spoken language; and it is not a perfect fit

Figure imgf000043_0002

for other spoken Chinese languages. Thus, other All Cantonese phonetic methods can use Orr Pads: forms of Pinyin and Romanization methods are ld/e: (d) Meyer-Wempe and (e)Yale Cantonese used for Cantonese and other Chinese languages. phonetic Roman methods are the most commonly used systems for Cantonese, and are both claimed l a/b/c. Pinyin Mandarin OrrPad with accents.

when applied to an OrrPad grid.

AEIOU cross (a) vertical and (b) horizontal, and

(c) OrrPad ABC squares, are claimed. If. Penkyamp (iJf #) Cantonese Pinyin OrrPad

(*|in#f li) is a phonetic Roman method to transliterate Cantonese Chinese, which is spoken in south Mainland China, plus Hong Kong, Guangzhou, Kuala Lumpur, and U.S., etc. Since Mandarin and Cantonese are mutually unintelligible one to the other, phonetic Pinyin is not mutually understood. They each need their own Roman method and OrrPad can write both.

1g. Jyutping Cantonese Pinyin: is a recent form of a Roman system adopted by the Linguistic Society of Hong Kong, adaptable as an OrrPad.

Figure imgf000043_0004

OrrPad preserves both alphabet and character order as learned by native Chinese speakers.

Diacritic Accents are accessed by an OrrPad

Qwerty keyboards do not preserve alphabet order, accent access method to write the 26 accented

which means Qwerty is less user-friendly than an vowels to convey the tones of Mandarin. Tone- OrrPad. The alphabet song taught to children is the accents are: 1 macron, 2 acute, 3 hacek, 4 grave. most powerful mnemonic for writing and typing. It

Tones Numbers can be placed after vowels as an is a musical mnemonic, and our first, and thus our alternate means of conveying 4 Mandarin tones, most durable memory of ABCs. Children in the which may be converted into the 4 vowel accents. west learn their ABC's to the songs Twinkle For example: Adding a tone number, such as: "Ni3 Twinkle Little Star or Baa Baa Black Sheep. hao3", it can automatically convert to "NI hao". However, children in China are taught a Pinyin

Alphabet Song that is not either of those melodies.

Input Method Editor (IME) software allows

Although using a different melody (shown below), keyboards, including a Pinyin OrrPad, to produce

when Chinese children learn their ABCs they also thousands of Chinese characters from 26 Roman

learn the order of the OrrPad.

letters. You type Roman letters and then the IME

software coverts the text into Chinese characters.

OrrPad makes a claim when applied to any Roman

phonetic methods such as: Wade-Giles Jyutping,

Penkyamp, Meyer-Wempe and Yale.

I c. Wadc-Giles is an early phonetic writing form

of Chinese using the Roman (Latin) letters. It was

the standard in older (pre 1979) texts. Wade-Giles

Figure imgf000043_0001
Figure imgf000044_0001
Figure imgf000045_0001
Figure imgf000046_0006


3. Wubi Method Wubi is

short for Wubizixing

Figure imgf000046_0001
3 bi3 zi4

xing2), is a compu for Chinese

text, and is claimed if converted on the 5x6-6x5

platform instead of the 10x3 platform. The Wubi

method is based on the stroke structure of

characters rather than pronunciation or shape,

making it possible to input unfamiliar characters,

and not be limited to any spoken Chinese dialect;

e.g. Software works for Simplified or Traditional.

Wubi OrrPad includes Roman script for Pinyin.

Figure imgf000046_0002

Figure imgf000046_0005

Wh OrrPad Wubi is better than Qwerty Wubi

Figure imgf000046_0004
Comparison shows a Vertical Wubi OrrPad keeps

3a. Wubi 5x6 Chinese OrrPad: 5x6 Vertical alphabetical order in stroke groups, unlike Qwerty: A preferred embodiment OrrPad

OrrPad Horizontal stroke= Letters ABCD+2Spaces OrrPad Vertical stroke = Letters E F G H+2Spaces OrrPad Fall left stroke = Letters I J K L M N OrrPad Dot/Fall-right stroke = Letters P Q R S T OrrPad Hook stroke = Letters V W X Y

Qwerty Horizontal stroke = Letters GFSDA Qwerty Vertical stroke = Letters HJKLM Qwerty Fall left stroke = Letters TREWQ Qwerty Dot/Fall-right stroke = Letters YUIOP Qwerty Hook stroke = Letters NBVCX

CLAIM: The adaptation of the Wubi system to either a vertical or horizontal 5x6 or 6x5 OrrPad grid, or if enhanced by other OrrPad features.

Figure imgf000046_0003
Figure imgf000047_0001
Figure imgf000048_0001
OrrPad - Language Script 4 Chi: Part C - 4

Figure imgf000049_0003

Five Stroke Method is most often used in

Mainland China to write Simplified Chinese

characters, but can also input the for Traditional

Chinese characters, which employs more strokes.

Wubi Hua is easy to learn, if you know how to

construct Chinese characters, rather than just to

read them. The greatest potential weakness is that

a Wubi Hua "number code" can result in a match

of dozens (and occasionally hundreds) of

characters. Although each character ultimately has

a unique code, characters whose order of strokes is

idiosyncratically rearranged in a peculiar way due

to a person's unique writing style, means some

characters may not be readily found, especially if

writing Traditional Chinese.

How the Five Stroke Method works:

Keys numbered from 1 to 5 are assigned a type of

stroke. On an OrrPad, keys numbered 1-5 or the

vowel keys AEIOU may represent strokes:

- 1 or A: Horizontal Strokes

I 2 or E: Vertical Strokes,

/ 3 or I: Downward Right-to-Left Strokes

A 4 or O: Dot Strokes or Downward Left-to-Right

? 5 or U: All Other strokes, such as Hooks.

To input any character, press the keys

corresponding to the first four strokes of a

character and then the key corresponding to the

last stroke of a character. For characters that have

four strokes or less, press 0 after the last stroke.

It is ca l led Five Stroke M ethod not because of the

five keys, but because in principle characters can

be located in five strokes, even if the character

takes more stokes to write with pen on paper.

Roman characters are written by strokes as well. A

more intuitive way to use AEIOU is to have the

morphology (shape) of the letters reflect the shape

of a Chinese stroke as follows:

Figure imgf000049_0002
Figure imgf000049_0001
Figure imgf000050_0001
Figure imgf000051_0001
Figure imgf000052_0001
Figure imgf000053_0001
Figure imgf000054_0001
Figure imgf000055_0002

The Japanese Double-thumb method can be applied to an Orrpad. OrrPad improves upon the idea of thumb shift keys by mnemonically organizing the Japanese letters on a 5x6 matrix to accommodate the 30 keys to allow one-hand typing, rather than the Qwerty 10x3 designed for the mechanical age.

Figure imgf000055_0003

Furthermore, the letters are organized on the

Dou ble-Thumb-shift Japanese keyboards:

OrrPad according to phonetic relationship rather

1 . I f a character key is struck alone, the character

than according to expected frequency of use. indicated on the bottom of the key is input.

2. If a key is struck simultaneously with the shift

The OrrPad belter accommodates shift keys struck key on the same side, the character at the top of the

by thumbs than Qwerty, which requires a specially key is input.

made Qwerty with shift keys moved to where the

3. If a character key is struck simultaneously with

space key lies at the center. A shift key depressed the shift key on the opposite side, the voiced sound

by a thumb, rather than a pinkie, is more is input.

comfortable for either Simultaneous Shift or

4. If a key is struck simultaneously with the

Sequential Shift as on the typical English Qwerty semivoiced sound key. the semivoiced sound is

keyboard. Furthermore, the shift keys of the input.

OrrPad are Sequential Shift rather than

The key layoul of the Fujitsu Thumb Shift

Simultaneous Shift as found on the Qwerty keyboard has 30 keys, and was determined as

version. Sequential Shift means lhal one does not follows: ( 1 ) Characters with a voiced sound were

need to hold the shift key while awkwardly not placed at the lop of keys. (2) Characters with a

simultaneously depressing the target letter. high frequency of occurrence were arranged to be

Finally, on the OrrPad, the Sequential Shift key easy to strike. (3) Keys were laid out based on the

can simply be struck once for the second choice, frequency with which a character occurs next after

and twice (double-clicked) for the third choice a given character (transition probability) to

before (or after, depending on how the software is minimize the amount of finger movement, and

set) striking the target key. If the shift key is not enable alternate use of the left and right thumb.

used at all, and only the target key struck, the first choice on the face of the key is selected. On a

The Japanese OrrPad organizes the layoul of the

touch screen, it is possible for the keys can be sounds of Japanese in the phonetic system that

subdivided so that no shift key is needed at all. children learn on a grid. Thus, on the OrrPad, each

sound has a qualitative relationship to all other

sounds arrayed in a grid, like a musical instrument,

where with use, the brain of the user will recognize

where any sound should be found.

Figure imgf000055_0001
OrrPad - Language Script 6 Part C - 6

6. ORR PAD KOREAN SYLLABIC WRITINC SYSTEM (a) Positional blocking without intersection:

Since the intersection of a vowel and consonant is

63 million people speak Korean in Korea, China, inherent to Korean, information is best organized Japan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Russia and the by a block pattern of vowels and consonants, in United States. Korean is called: Hangul in South Korean alphabetical order, as a mnemonic aid. Korea and Chosungul in North Korea and both use Blocking of information in a pattern rather than the same written form. Korea is the major with single cross-keys is a technique to create a manufacturer and exporter of keypads. mnemonic and navigable matrix for Korean.

The Korean language is already intelligently Korean Blocked Orr Pad grids: Claimed organized. Korean has 140 characters to represent All Horizontal Korean: Vertical Vowel Sidebar: the 140 phonetic sounds of Korean. This is

difficult to fit on a tiny keypad. However, the Orr

Pad produces all 140 syllables by dividing

syllables into their component 14 consonants and

10 vowels. Korean characters always have two

parts, a consonant and a vowel to construct each of

the character-syllables that make up the 140

phonetic sounds. To create a Korean character, a

Figure imgf000056_0003

consonant and a vowel are struck in succession, (c) Cross Blocking with or without intersection is just as they are written. On the electronic when a block of information is set in one direction keyboard, the most commonly used characters can and the other block runs in the opposite direction. be programmed to automatically take their partner Blocked is when mnemonic blocks of information with just one strike. Should an alternative be run in the same direction.

preferred, the strike of the alternative vowel will

correct the default to the preferred syllable. Thus, Cross-blocked example: Blocked example: all 140 characters can be typed as they are written. (Both are claimed OrrPads)

Korean Syllabary Guide- 10 Vowels (horizontal)

and 14 Consonants (vertical) combine to create all

syllable sounds of Korean.

Figure imgf000056_0001

In Korean, the language the order of vowels and consonants is learned by rote in separate vowel or consonant sequences rather than in one consecutive sequence, thus only a blocked rather than intersected arrangement is possible, as there is no single sequence to cross.

If consonants were interspersed with vowels in one sequence, as found in the Roman, Greek and

Figure imgf000056_0002
Cyrillic alphabets, intersection is possible. Also, if

In the above table of Korean, syllable vowels are the keypad were very large, then Korean could be laid horizontally and consonants vertically, making displayed cross-navigationally with all syllable the learning of letter-parts of phonemes and the sounds found where their component vowels and production of syllables easier. Originally, Korean, consonants intersect. (See table above) Since such like Chinese was written vertically. If children a display is too large for small electronic units, the learn a table, especially as a cross-blocked one, the inventor has produced a blocked method, which is Orr Pad below naturally follows as a Korean small, flexible, providing a mnemonic for the keypad for electronic interface. Any vertical or construction of Korean syllables, and also displays horizontal combination is claimed. the Roman and Chinese Korean user requires. OrrPad - Language Script 6 Part C - 6

Cross-blocking seems the most befitting of a world

standard keypad that also reflects the native

organization of the Korean language. The Korean

cross-blocked matches the world matrix standard

and the horizontal top display of Korean vowels is

familiar and thus attractive to users. However it

lacks the benefit of vertical order of letters that

better enables memory of finger assignments and a


Cross blocking in a matrix seems to be the way to

most closely comply to the logic of a a cross- navigational matrix, absent an intersecting nexus.

However, not all verisons of blocking are equal.

The All Vertical Korean has blocked mnemonics,

yet also has the benefit of offering vertical

channeling feature ideal for space-keypads, where

a user merely types in space.

Additionally, the vertical pairings are related to

one another in shape and sound, while the

horizontal vowel layout, though more familiar and

more akin to the horizontal disposition of other

language keypads, the horizontal breaks the vowel

sound pairing between the 5th and 6lh vowels while

the vertical preserves this relationship in an

extremely fast and tidy mnemonic; which still ends

up reading left to right, and the vertical aspect is in

keeping with the fact that Korean was originally

written vertically and still is done so in

applications that have remained in the vertical

custom. Both are possible, and claimed.

The All-Vertical Korean is recommended as the

fastest and easiest to use for Korean speakers in

the long-term. It's only illusory disadvantage is the

unfamiliar top row; but when the mnemonic

pairing the top two rows is pointed out, the

mnemonic infinitely speeds use over the dual

horizontal absent cross navigational intersection as

found in the other top horizontal vowel displays.

Korean Vowel Pairings 2x5: As it turns out, Orr

Pad organization of the vertical vowel pairings

create meme pair units running in a vertical- horizontal matrix of 5 pairs. (A meme is a block of

related information memorized together as a unit.)

The Korean double vowel meme units,

demonstrated graphically below, reveals the

underlying linguistic organization that results in

the inventor's optimal Korean keypad for

electronic interface:

Figure imgf000057_0001
OrrPad - Language Script 6 Korean Part C - 6

The preferred embodiment is the alphabetical This spatial arrangement of vowels better displays order in which the characters were learned for the (than Qwerty or any other pad) the original child. In the following manner below: however, brilliant organization of Korean writing as first set the reverse order is also claimed reading right to in 1444 C.E. This Orr Pad arrangement of Hangul left. Below is the preferred vowel embodiment can interchange with Chinese or Roman alphabets direction because it reflects the left-to-right and can be made-to-fit on the face of a phone or reading influence beginning with an "A' vowel, other small device to meet the needs of the global yet the original vowels of Korean are the strokes electronic age. The extra keys are available for the anticipated use of popular syllables, double of (ύ) meaning "earth" and ^ (i) meaning vowels, special characters and punctuation, etc.

"man". All other vowels were constructed by

adding a dot representing "heaven" which became Korean Consonants:

modified into the short dash we see today. The examples above are given as information- blocked Orr Pad with separated vowels and

This charter of this patent is to produce a user- consonants still in perfect alphabetical without friendly interface for global electronic intersection of coordinates. In Korean, because communication. The first obstacle to placing a consonants are written first, the inventor keypad on the increasing array of small electronic recommends keeping the vowel block above the communication devices is the width of the 10 key consonant block below so that a consonant may be wide Qwerty. The two best Korean solutions are selected followed by a vowel with views of both the adoption of either 2 horizontal rows of vowels selections thus unobstructed by fingers. However, with broken vowel meme pairs or the preferred the inventor does anticipate and claim a lower or embodiment below of 5 double vowel memes that side vowel block arrangements should it be preserves both traditional Korean order and the preferred. Additionally, since the basic Korean global Romanized position of "A" in the far left alphabet uses only 24 key boxes, popularly used corner. characters can be assembled on the many extra keys remaining on any one of these designs. This

Thus, the embodiment below is the best solution is anticipated and thus is so claimed in this patent. for a 5 key wide keypad. It reads beautifully in

both traditional Korean and Romanized Currently, Korean and other language keypads do alphabetical order: ( 1) in the traditional vertical not display information in linguistic blocks on a order read right-to-left beginning with earth — grid in this manner. The charter of the Orr Pad is and man ' ; and (2) it simultaneously reads as to produce a global standard, motor-memory double vertical memes in the Roman order of left- friendly, electronic interface communication tool. to-right beginning with r which is the vowel of A blocked solution on a grid to help locate vowels "A". The vertical memes allows immediate and consonants, especially when display of memorization of finger assignments and any intersection is not possible, produces an optimal Korean speaker could easily learn to memorize the layout and is so claimed.

order of keys for each finger in just a moment.

The vertical order means one learns only 5 memes Vowels are encircled and comprise two rows or not 10. columns. As in other Orr Pads, vowels, consonants, syllables or other linguistic values may be blocked vertically or horizontally or as a combination of vertical and horizontal. Blocking can place the vowel block (or other linguistic values such as diacritics) at the sides or bottom. Blocking is also claimed if a blocked arrangement of characters is placed on the Qwerty style keyboard hardware.

Preference in blocking should be given to alphabetical order, but in special instances, when weighing competing values, breaking order may be preferred and is also claimed when blocking on

Figure imgf000058_0001
a keypad grid is employed. OrrPad - Language Script 6 Part C - 6

In the Korean Orr Pad example below, the 10

vowels comprise the top two rows: with

consonants below. The Roman, Greek, Cyrillic,

and Japanese all have vowels arranged in the top

row also- as one unifying organizing principle of

world language electronic interface. However, it is

possible to create Orr Pads with the vowels

arranged at the side or foot of the pad, rather than

the top in common with the other languages. As

the Korean 140 unit syllabary can be displayed as

a mere 24unit alphabet, there are extra keys

remaining to accommodate a selection of favorite

Korean syllables just as the current Qwerty Korean

keypad displays. Five keys on the 5x6 grid are thus

available for the most frequently used Korean

syllables as well as the employment of the

standard shift key to access frequently used

syllables. The final single free key can be

dedicated to character set changing to Chinese or

Roman. As Koreans speakers read and use Chinese

characters mixed with their Korean syllables and

sometimes write Roman letters; a solution for

blending these three character sets on a small

keypad is required for an optimal Korean keypad

for small electronic devices. The preferred

embodiment of the Korean Orr Pad includes

Roman and Chinese characters. However, any

combination of Orr Pad languages is possible.

The most basic Korean Orr Pad includes the

following: ( 1 ) A 5x5 or 5x6 international standard

Focus Field (2) Vertical Channeling in

alphabetical order of separated consonants to aid

motor-memory (3) Horizontal display of vowels in

blocked alphabetical order on the preferred

international Orr Pad vowel top rows, A Block

Mnemonic, (not necessarily cross navigation). (4)

Orr Pad Sequential Toggle Key for character set

changing. (5) Korean, Chinese and Roman

character sets.

Figure imgf000059_0001

Figure imgf000060_0001

Figure imgf000060_0003

BRAHMI ORR PAD- BRAHMI is a mother term for Sanskrit-written Indie languages. There are two major branches of Indie languages: the northern Indo- European family of about 40 Indie languages and the southern family of 73 Dravidian languages and dialects. Both of these language families are quite

Figure imgf000060_0002
different and their speech cannot be understood one to the other. However, the Brahmi script developed in the

BRAHMI SCRIPT originated in northeast India and northeast was adopted by the south as well. Thus, they became the ancestor to most of the scripts of South share the same ancient Brahmi script lineage for Asia, Southeast Asia, Tibet, Mongolia and Manchuria. writing. Additionally, Brahmi script spread beyond The linguistic organization of Katakana of Japan India and was adopted as a writing system by many shows Brahmi ancestry, even though the letter other language families all across north and south Asia morphology is uniquely Japanese. Brahmi numerals from Java to Mongolia. Over a period of 2300 years, are the ancestor of the Hindu-Arabic numerals, which each of these language families has followed their own are now used worldwide. evolution of Brahmic writing resulting in each language having a unique writing script and system

7c. ORR PAD BRAHMI LANGUAGES includes: stemming from this common shared lineage of ancient

Brahmi writing.

NORTH INDIA* Devanagari · Hindi · Sanskrit ·

Marathi · Mundari · Nepali · Gondi · Gujarati · All Brahmi scripts are taught according to the place Punjabi · Bengali · Assamese · Oriya · Tibetan · of articulation of the production of the sound of each Manipuri etc.

phonetic, with a one-to-one correspondence. (Each

SOUTH. INDIA * Kannada · Tamil · Telugu · Sinhala. letter exactly represents each sound.) Like the OrrPad, etc. NORTH ASIA · Mongolian, SOUTHEAST the sounds of Brahmi are learned organized on a grid; ASIA* Burmese · Lao · Thai · Khmer · Javanese ·

thus, each single sound in Brahmi has a qualitative Malayam PACIFIC' Balinese · Tagalog · Batak relationship to all other sounds, arrayed on the utility •Buginese, etc.

equivalent of xy coordinates. Qwerty-style 10x4 Brahmi keyboards jumble this order, while OrrPad

Roman script has been taught in the Indian subembodies it into a one-handed input system for any continent for five centuries: as India was the Jewel of Brahmi script. All keys are accessible with one thumb the British Empire for 500 years. Roman script as an

cupped under one hand, or expanded to two hands. official script of India and should be included as an

alternate on their keypads.

Figure imgf000061_0001
Figure imgf000062_0001
Figure imgf000063_0002

7b. Dcvanagari (Hindi) OrrPad: 5x5 diacritic 6lh is a B. Below is the "B pattern" that any Brahmi construction method with half letters and a diacritic 6lh OrrPad may alternatively organize consonants. row-column that reflects older typwriter organization. Notice that although consonants appear as reoriented A diacritic row-column may alternatively be placed vertically, also note that the vowels can be placed under or above vowels, or at the side of vowels if above or at the side of this consonant scheme, vowel are vertical. Variants at top in small print. providing a unique set of layouts, all claimed.

Figure imgf000063_0001
OrrPad - Language Script 7 Brahmi - Hindi Part C - 7

The Brahmi 7c Orr Pad begins as follows: organized method which can be learned by others to

Selection of a Focus Field grid according to device. improve keypad design now and in the future.

A Brahmi 5x5 with a 6th diacritic row (or column if 2- The mnemonic Brahmi layout arranges vowels and reoriented) permits 5 dedicated vowel keys, 5 diacritic consonants in pattern variations of places of keys and 20 consonant keys featuring full faces of articulation, reflecting order speakers learn as a child. Brahmi gutturals, palatals, cerebrals, dentals, labials:

3- Cross-blocked linguistic thread mnemonics (not x-y with piggy-backed "n" and "m" letters, semi-vowels,

cross-navigation intersections such as in Roman, sibilants and compound characters.

Cyrillic or Greek OrrPads) are found in Brahmi Orr

The 5x6-6x5 focus field allows the best organization Pads with Vowels in traditional Brahmi alphabetical of relative-position layouts of Hindi and other scripts; order reading horizontally left to right (organized making it possible to access all letters with one hand according to morphological construction.) or one thumb, being the best fit on small devices with Here are the primary Hindi Brahmi vowels:

expansion to two-handed versions possible.

Expanded Brahmi: Brahmi OrrPads must offer

Figure imgf000064_0001

Brahmi phonetic (alphabetical) order is observed in expanded versions of their 5x6-6x5 embodiments,

either vertical or horizontal orientation.

provided as an essential user-option of the system, that

when the 5x6-6x5 is expanded more syllables have 4- Ideally, consonants are organized alphabetically in their own dedicated keyface when required by users, vertical channels, which enhances mnemonics and or when a two-handed embodiment is needed, in: 5x7, access. The Brahmi OrrPad is woven with a mnemonic 5x8, 5x9, 6x5, 6x6, 6x7, 6x8. The first inventive step in both vertical and horizontal mnemonic threads. If a is the same on expanded versions as 5x6-6x5 layouts. horizontal arrangement in selected, the Orr Pad

OR: The 5x7 Brahmi Orr Pad is more commodious linguistic organization is preserved even when the pad and accommodates 5 vowel keys, 5 diacritic keys and is turned sideways. Consonant letters may be read 25 consonant keys: all consonants showing on key either horizontally or vertically in this Orr Pad pattern; faces; with only compound characters, sibilants and while preserving organization of linguistic structural semi-vowels piggybacked. divisions and alphabetical order in a cross mnemonic and on a focus field.

OR: A 5x8 OrrPad is the second of the three top 5- Consonants can be organized according to the configurations recommended by OrrPad. (The first and phonetic (sound) groupings of the Brahmi languages. third being 5x6 and 5x5). The 5x8 Brahmi still These groupings are in the alphabetical order native requires one row of piggybacking but is favored speakers learnt as children. Thus, consonants are in because a 5x8 best allows an international standard both alphabetical and linguistic order. Brahmi OrrPad large size especially for Asian languages. offers 74 mnemonic strings in alphabetical order.

OR: A 5x9 Brahmi Orr Pad displays on the keyface all Consonants are not only alphabetical, but also in the 5 vowel keys, 4-8 diacritic keys, all 25 basic linguistic divisions according to the way Brahmi consonant keys, the 8 semi-vowel sibilant keys, and 4- languages are taught to native speakers using 8 dedicated compound keys. groupings of: Vowels, Semi-vowels, Diacritics, and

Consonants which are organized in blocks comprising

OR: A Brahmi 6x5, 6x6 or 6x7, 6x8 can also be

the traditional speech groupings of: Gutturals, Palatals, configured with Orr Pad organizational logic.

Cerebrals, Dentals, Labials; plus piggybacked

On any Brahmi Orr Pad, other letters or punctuation Sibilants and Compound structures. Rarely used letters may be found with predictive text, a scroll-select can be piggybacked such as the many "n" characters. system, or as an option on number keys, etc. or on Variations of each character are also piggybacked extra, dedicated rows or columns. according to morphology. The variations are created

A Brahmi Orr Pad can be organized with two focus by combining a primary character with a modifying fields and used with two hands with side-by-side focus sound value; found in the diacritic row.

fields. (Qwerty is essentially two focus fields.) Variations of each consonant are secondary characters However, Qwerty hardware positions keys offset, one to be found on the related host. Rogue letters may be to the other, in uneven fashion, so it is not a very found on the nearest related letter according to sound focused focus field. Additionally, Qwerty does not or morphology as space allows.

organize language mnemonically or in a neuro-

Brahmi Diacritics are found in a horizontal dedicated physiologically motor or cogniiively friendly manner.

Orr Pad addresses and improves these aspects, both diacritic row, preferably at the accent or diacritic foot motor and cognitive, in an idealized; yet flexible, well- of the Orr Pad, but diacritics can be placed at the top or side or piggy-backed as well.

Figure imgf000065_0001
Figure imgf000066_0001
Figure imgf000067_0001
Figure imgf000068_0001
OrrPad - Language Script 8 and 9 Arabic and Hebrew Part C - 8 and 9

NEXT: HEBREW OrrPad Written Hebrew:

a) As in Arabic, Hebrew is written right to left.

9. HEBREW Script OrrPad b) Also like Arabic, Hebrew is an Abjad writing system, meaning it is an alphabet of consonants only.

Hebrew is the ancient language of the Jewish people c) Vowels are implied by consonant context or may and is now an official language of the state of Israel. be indicated with diacritic markings called points, After the 3rd century BCE, Hebrew was replaced with which are usually reserved for formal writing only. Aramaic as the everyday spoken language of the d) There are several weak consonants that are vowelJews. For centuries Hebrew was to be found only in like; which in other languages evolved fully into written or liturgical form; however, it was taught for vowels. In Hebrew, they may act as long vowels. religious ritual to Jewish adherents worldwide. These are: alef, vav, and yod. Short vowels are

Spoken Hebrew: In the last century, Hebrew was indicated by points or left for the reader to discern. revived from being dead to an everyday language and e) In Hebrew, each letter also acts as a numeral. is now spoken by 7 million people in Israel with However, the Hebrew speaker has generally adopted smaller communities speaking Hebrew worldwide. the international system of 1 , 2, 3, 4, etc.

Limited Hebrew recitation is taught for religious rites f) Five consonants have two forms: a normal and a to as many as 13 million persons worldwide. final form, which appears when that consonant is the final letter of a word. These can be presented on a

Yiddish: Hebrew script is also used to write the keypad clustered together with software adapting the Yiddish language, which is non-Semitic in origin, form to the text or a keypad may have a separate key linguistically analyzed as a Turkic-Slavic blend of dedicated to each form. The five pairs are:

Central Asiatic and Southeast European derivation, kaf D "J, mem D D, nun 0 ], peh D *"), sadeh 2 f* with many German loan words, as the language of

the Ashkenazim, who now abandon it. There are far The Hebrew OrrPad is organized considering: many more texts in Yiddish, written with Hebrew 1. Preservation of Hebrew alphabet-numerical order. letters, than texts penned by ancient Hebrew people. 2. Accommodation of vertical channeling to allow

World Distribution of Spoken Hebrew today: immediate memorization of each sequence of letters assigned to each finger. Horizontal mnemonics are provided as an alternate.

3. Blocks: Weak Consonants, Numbers. Diacritic Points in "diamond" keys.

4. Alternate script accommodation of minimum of both Roman and Arabic scripts. The two scripts most

Figure imgf000069_0001
often paired with Hebrew.

Figure imgf000069_0002
Figure imgf000070_0001
Figure imgf000071_0001
Figure imgf000072_0001
Figure imgf000073_0001
Figure imgf000074_0001
OrrPad - Part C Accent System - 40+ Languages Part C


EUROPE: 1 -Albanian 2-Basque 3-Belarusian introduction to the geo-linguistic demographics of languages with accent modules to make better 4-Breton 5-Catalan 5-Cornish 6-Creole 7- Croatian 8-Czech 9-Danish 10-Dutch-Flemish- decisions about which accents and languages to Afrikaans 1 1 -English 12-Esperanto 13-Estonian provide and how to do so; useful for UX and 14-Finnish 15-French 16-German (accented) operating system engineers, app and software and NewGerman (no umlaut or β) 17-Gaelic- developers, hardware device engineers and Irish 18-Gaelic-Scottish 19-Hungarian 20- manufacturers. Without the organization of Icelandic-Faroese 21 -Georgian 22-Italian 23- accents according to geo-lingual markets and Latin (ancient) 24-Latvian 25-Lithuanian 26- numbers of potential speakers, manufacturers Maltese 27-Manx 28-Norwegian 29-Polish 30- cannot make the best informed decisions about Portuguese 31 -Romanian 32-Slovak 33-Slovene which accents to provide and how to organize 34-Spanish 35-Swedish 36-Ukrainian 37-Welsh. them for users to add or omit on a user interface. Plus: 38-Braille and 39-Morse Code. Each developer needs to provide accent access, AFRICA: 40-Afrikaans 41 -Kinyarwanda 42- and each user needs to refine accents needed. Kirundi 43-Ndebele 44-Pedi 44-Sesotho 45- Having all accent and character options pop-up siSwati 46-Somali 47-Soninke 48-Swahili 49- for users can offer too many or too few options. Toucouleur 50-Tsonga 51 -Xhosa (Bantu) 52- OrrPad teaching modules introduce which Zulu. MIDEAST: 53-Armenian (when written accent kits to enable.

using Roman script) 54-Azeri 55-Turkish. Currently, in the standard keyboard platform is AMERICA: 56-Aymara (Bolivia) 57- the two-hand 10x3 keyboard with the layout as a Greenlandic 58-Navaho (USA) 59-Papiamento variant from Qwerty. In France the layout is the (Caribbean) 60-Quechua. ASIA: 61 -Balinese Azerty, while in Germany the layout is the 62-Indonesian 63-Malay 64-Maldivian 65- QwertZ, etc. OrrPad offers the first viable one- Pinyin (China) 66-Tagalog (Philippines) 67- hand writing tool in the world's writing systems. Thai (also in Brahmi script) 68-Vietnamese. OrrPad standardizes Roman access and provides OCEANA: 69-Trukese 70-Fijian 71-Ikiribati needed accents and extra characters. Every 5x6- 72-Kosraean 73-Nauruan 74-Neo-melanesian 6x5 layout is made more viable by the entire (TokPisin) 75-Nukuoro 76-Palauan 77- OrrPad platform, as duly improved. One Ponapean78-Trukese 79-Tuvaluan 80-Woleaian. essential way OrrPad proves the very viability of any and all 5x6-6x5 one-handed typing

Many languages are at risk of becoming instruments is by teaching methods of how extinct due to the modernization of traditional accents are accommodated on the 5x6-6x5. Any communities. OrrPad nurtures the world's 5x6-6x5 layout is made more viable as a linguistic cultures via their native language and general-purpose writing tool by OrrPad and is or writing system giving them access to so-claimed. The Otey patent vaguely refers to participate in the world community, while also languages but failed to teach how accents or preserving their distinct cultural diversity to other languages are achieved on the 6x5. The avoid a monoculture, which risks erasing the Accent Access system is claimed on OrrPads, wealth of independent cultures. and also if arranged on any other keyboard including any other 5x6-6x5 layouts, Qwerty,

ROMAN LANGUAGE SET DEMOGRAPHICS Azerty, Dvorak, or small focus fields. OrrPad accent systems can be used for other scripts, and

Few people in the world have the knowledge to

on all various focus fields and layouts, including be able to design a global keyboard. Absent

Qwerty, and is so claimed. Roman script world language viability, it was impossible to

languages are claimed under Orrpad in any adopt any new layout or one-handed platform.

language in any orientation including: 4x5, 5x5, OrrPad alone teaches and demonstrates the

5x6, 6x5, 5x8, 6x7, or 6x8.

viability of the 5x6-6x5 as a global platform,

proving it can be globally adopted for one- handed devices and more.

Figure imgf000076_0001
Figure imgf000077_0003


For those with sight-deficits, an OrrPad is particularly helpful as OrrPad layouts can be memorized without the benefit of sight.

The OrrPad mnemonics are easily memorized at first use, and like a musical instrument the brain recognizes that each letter has a qualitative relationship to the whole and can predict the location of each letters in a spatial relationship to the whole. Furthermore, the keypad can sit under one hand.

The Braille OrrPad is claimed in 5x6 or 6x5 orientation in English and Roman character language variants, but is also claimed for other focus fields and character sets with different Braille patterns. Braille OrrPad devices can offer sound verification stating aloud which letter or function has just been struck.

Figure imgf000077_0001

Figure imgf000077_0002
Figure imgf000078_0001
Figure imgf000079_0001
Figure imgf000080_0001
Figure imgf000081_0001
Figure imgf000082_0001
Figure imgf000083_0001
Figure imgf000084_0001
Figure imgf000085_0001
Figure imgf000086_0001
Figure imgf000087_0001
Figure imgf000088_0001
Figure imgf000089_0001
Figure imgf000090_0001
Figure imgf000091_0001
Figure imgf000092_0001
Figure imgf000093_0001
Figure imgf000094_0001
Figure imgf000095_0001

Figure imgf000096_0001
Figure imgf000097_0001

Figure imgf000098_0001
Figure imgf000099_0001
Figure imgf000100_0001
Figure imgf000101_0001
OrrPad - Part C Accent System - 40+ Roman Languages Part C

ACCENT ACCESS CLAIM: (2) Sequential Shift or Sequential

CLAIM : OrrPad claims a dedicated accent key Option: To reduce the number of keys on a struck after a target letter, to produce a rotation keyboard, and permit one-thumb typing on a of a queue of options on the application in use, small keyboard, the common shift key must be (or popup), or claiming a new use of holding made to be sequential, not simultaneous. This down the option key to reveal accents. Access is allow the shift to be struck in sequence to access by striking the number of times needed, after, or a capital letter rather than struck simultaneously. while depressing a letter. Secondly, if this is the case, the shift or option key may also be utilized to add accents and

A Dedicated Accent Opt Key of one or more special letters, especially if they are set in the of the four empty keys in the lower left hand Orr claimed Sequential Shift mode; whereby the corner of the layout, or another key. The user shift key is set to work in sequence to achieve a may then accent any letter simply by striking change of case. Instead of depressing a shift or the Accent Option key after striking the target option simultaneously with another key to letter. For example, Albanian only has one achieve change in case or an option, striking the accent for each of four letters A, E, C or K. If shift should be in sequence without holding both any of these letters is struck, followed by the keys simultaneously.

accent opt key, the accent for the target letter Additionally, accents may be found, if the shift would appear. If there are multiple accents for a or option key is held down for a critical time letter, the accent key may be struck until the duration, the accent or special character options correct accent appears, as variants rotate would appear as a queue for the previously through a queue cycle. If the target or accent typed letter, and be shown rotating through a key is held down, all accent choices are exposed queue if there are multiple options for that letter, for that letter. Adding accents after the target is until the desired variant appears. In order to the fastest most natural way to input accents, achieve one-handed operation, the user may and is especially useful for those languages that depress until releasing when the auto-queue have much accenting such as French, Dutch, presents the correct variant. Alternatively, the Hungarian, Italian or Pinyin. The four "free" user may hold the shift or option key down to keys in the lower left corner of the layout can launch the queue, and then begin to strike the easily be dedicated to individual accents, shift or option key as needed to rotate through punctuation or thumb keys. If there are a great the option queue one by one. Since most number of accents, they may be divided languages only have one or two accents for a morphologically across more accent opt keys. given letter, users would usually only need to For example: by shape, or upper versus lower double-click to find an accent after the queue is accents, or other means of division, etc. launched. In exceptional cases, four accents However, most languages only have one or two exist for letters. In the post-mechanical accents per letter, which means the four free typewriter era, there is no reason to hold down keys do not have to be fully dedicated to the shift key simultaneously to achieve a change accents. Another method of accent access such of case. Change of case can be done in sequence as Sequential Shift or Sequential Option, today since there is no need to physically raise described below. the typing cartridge manually as was necessary with the mechanical typewriter. If Sequential

Striking an accent key after the letter is faster Shift is adopted, then holding down the shift or and more natural, akin to handwriting, rather option key to queue through accent and special than holding down the letter to manually characters is possible. Accents or other special conjure and then select from a menu of choices, letters may also be queued with the target letter especially for people who must type accents all or punctuation option keys. For example, if the day in their language. However, an onscreen letter A is held down it will no longer type menu method may also be made available to multiples of that letter, but instead will launch a access accents on an OrrPad, especially to

menu queue, which the user may select; or after access accents not in the default language of the the queue is launched, the user may then begin user's device. OrrPad - Part C Accent System - 40+ Roman Languages Part C to rotate through the queue by striking the target Choices made available by the SEQUENTIAL letter, including the key-face variant until the SHIFT KEY or DEDICATED OPTION KEY is not correct choice is found. The letters may appear limited to accents. It can offer any character, as a menu on the screen, or better yet, may accent, punctuation mark etc, or mathematical appear on the document where the letter is being functions in alphabetical order that one chooses written, so the user can see what is being to program on that letter. This is a more offered and stop the queue of accent options satisfying alternative to the current "Insert, when the correct accent variant is in place on Symbol, Select" method currently found on MS the document. On a touchscreen, a letter may be Word. SEQUENTIAL SHIFT KEY Or DEDICATED depressed, and held until the finger slides onto OPTION KEYS may be placed on any device: the accent with one-hand. If using a Qwerty desktop, laptop computers, phones, etc using Orr keyboard for a laptop or desktop or tablet Pad layouts or Qwerty, Azerty or other keypads. keyboard, the user may depress the desired key

and then tap the option or shift key until the

queue rotates on the document to the desired

AN ACCENTED ROMAN ORRPAD CAN WRITE 80+ option, or the mouse may be used to select form LANGUAGES WITH ACCENTS OR SPECIAL LETTERS: a menu. If the OrrPad punctuation system is

adopted, a key dedicated to special letters, may EU ROPE: 1 -Albanian 2-Basque 3-Belarusian also provide a queue for the accents associated 4-Breton 5-Catalan 5-Cornish 6-Creole 7- with the last letter depressed. Plus, accent access Croatian 8-Czech 9-Danish 10-Dutch-Flemish- may be achieved by other methods, such as Afrikaans 1 1 -English 12-Esperanto 13-Estonian depressing for a menu. OrrPad accent methods 14-Finnish 15-French 16-German (accented) and can be adapted to Qwerty, or other layouts, and NewGerman (no umlaut or β) 17-Gaelic-Irish are so claimed. 18-Gaelic-Scottish 19-Hungarian 20-Icelandic- Faroese 21 -Georgian 22-Italian 23-Latin (ancient) 24-Latvian 25-Lithuanian 26-Maltese

ORR PAD ACCENT OR SYMBOL ACCESS 27-Manx 28-Norwegian 29-Polish 30-

METHOD- When the user strikes a letter Portuguese 31 -Romanian 32-Slovak 33-Slovene followed after the letter as by the OrrPad 34-Spanish 35-Swedish 36-Ukrainian 37-Welsh. Claimed DEDICATED ACCENT OPTION KEY, Plus: 38-Braille and 39-Morse Code.

accent choices become available for the selected AFRICA: 40-Afrikaans 41 -Kinyarwanda 42- letter. With each successive click of the Kirundi 43-Ndebele 44-Pedi 44-Sesotho 45- SEQUENTIAL SHIFT, or DEDICATED ACCENT siSwati 46-Somali 47-Soninke 48-Swahili 49- OPTION KEY, a queue of choices is rotated until Toucouleur 50-Tsonga 51 -Xhosa (Bantu) 52- the needed accent is found by appearing Zulu. MIDEAST: 53-Armenian (when written preferably on the document, or in a menu. using Roman script) 54-Azeri 55-Turkish.

AMERICA: 56-Aymara (Bolivia) 57-

If not by clicking multiple times: selection can Greenlandic 58-Navaho (USA) 59-Papiamento be achieved by clicking with the mouse, (Caribbean) 60-Quechua. ASIA: 61 -Balinese scrolling until stopped, and or a highlighting 62-Indonesian 63-Malay 64-Maldivian 65- method of selection from a list. The list of Pinyin (China) 66-Tagalog (Philippines) 67-Thai accents available may be the short list of those (also in Brahmi script) 68-Vietnamese. customarily placed on the selected letter to be OCEANA: 69-Trukese 70-Fijian 71-Ikiribati accented, or any accent whatsoever in a fixed or 72-Kosraean 73-Nauruan 74-Neo-melanesian custom order. Furthermore, the strike order (TokPisin) 75-Nukuoro 76-Palauan 77- may be programmed with the accent key Ponapean78-Trukese 79-Tuvaluan 80-Woleaian. preceding or following striking the letter to be


See Next Document OrrPad Punctuation - Scientific Calculator

MORPHOLOGICAL PUNCTUATION KEYS: 2. The COMMA KEY or CURVED KEY can host those punctuation marks that possess a curved shape, such

Claimed is the morphological organization of as: comma, semi-colon, apostrophe, quotation marks punctuation, which can be accessed by a system

and left and right parentheses; as well as those whereby marks are subdivided into morphological punctuation marks which have both a curved shape groupings to reduce the overall number of keys and other morphology such as the question mark needed to access marks.

which possesses a curve in addition to its dot shape.

PUNCTUATION HOSTED BY NUMBERS may be 3. LINE SHAPES represented by the DASH KEY can host matched to by morphological shape as much as is

those punctuation marks which are composed of possible. For example: 1 !, 2, 3 $, 4 <, 5 >, 6 %, 7 #, straight lines, such as the principally horizontal line 8 &, ( is hosted on 9 and O hosts the right ).

marks of: dash, underscore and equal signs.

If ONE key is provided, it opens a full panel with all Subdivisions of LINE SHAPES can be organized as: choices organized according to morphology and horizontal lines, vertical lines, right slanted lines and frequency of use.

left slanted lines.

Or, if two keys available: 4. SYMBOL: Symbols are represented on the face-key 1. DOT, 2. COMMA.

by the @ sign, since it is now used so frequently. And queued under the @ sign we would find other

Suggested morphological divisions for FOUR keys:

symbols such as: $, #, %, &, etc.


Four Punctuation Keys on a MousekeyPad:

If there is only space for FIVE or SIX keys,


hology. However, YMBOL, COMMA, DOT, DASH (or S frequency of use trumps morp LASH) morphology should be observed when possible:

5. SLASH: If there is no room for a dedicated 1. DOT 2. COMMA. 3. DASH. 4. SYMBOL and 5-6.

vertical line key then the dash key may also host the SLASH and/or QUESTION MARK. For example: DOT

hosts colon, comma and semicolon, DASH hosts marks with vertical lines such as: the plus sign, square brackets, and vertical line. The straight line underscore, SYMBOL hosts asterisk.

family of marks containing a slanted diagonal line can be found on the dash key or on its own key

Suggested morphological divisions of SEVEN or

dedicated to diagonal lines hosted by the SLASH KEY EIGHT keys would allow choosing according to

and include the right facing diagonal line marks of: frequency of use, which is not morphological, and

the right slash, hashed pound mark, as well as the left following morphology where possible after

facing diagonal line marks such as: the check mark, considering frequency of use.

left slash, left or right arrow, greater than or equal to 1. 1. DOT 2. COMMA. 3. DASH 4. SYMBOL 5. SLASH,

signs; or other mark containing a diagonal line can be 6. QUESTION, 7. BRACKETS 8. FOREIGN.

place logically in this queue. Most of these marks are

Any derivation of morphological punctuation rarely used; so, in a pinch for space, if there is only division is claimed. an allotment for one key hosting LINEAR punctuation marks then the DASH KEY could host the horizontal, the vertical and the slanted line marks. If there is

The minimum of two marks is hosted by each shape,

which are located preferably on adjacent keys, with room for an extra key then there can be a dedicated

SLASH KEY containing the slanted line punctuation the total expected number of punctuation marks

ranging from 16 - 60 to be determined by and or a VERTICAL KEY hosting the vertical line manufacturer or users. marks.

TAP ACCESS: The most used punctuation marks can be accessed with one to three taps, which feels rather

1. The DOT KEY can host those punctuation marks

like double-clicking, and it is not annoying. However, that contain dot shapes, such as: period, colon, semicolon, exclamation mark, asterisk and bullet; as well people do still need occasional access to a greater as curved shapes that also feature a dot shape such as range of lesser-used marks. Additionally, it is the question mark, which can also be queued on the claimed that the lesser-used families of marks can be CURVE key, as an example how, depending on the accessed via shift or alt keys to shorten the length of number of marks needed and key-faces available, the rotating queue. For example, if there is only space that there is flexibility to the system. for one DASH KEY for all line marks, the user could either tap through the queue of horizontal marks to eventually access the vertical marks later in the queue OrrPad Punctuation - Scient ific Calculator or the user could strike the shift (option, function or

alt key or other key chosen to be so programmed) to

skip the horizontal line marks and jump into the ORR PAD 'B ROW' PUNCTUATION ROW:

middle of the queue where the morphology changes

to vertical lines and thereby lessen the time taken to The most important punctuation ideally has dedicated tap through the queue. keys, such as described by the Morphological

Punctuation scheme or other method. Instead of

Numbers may be piggied on punctuation keys assigning the rarely used characters such as J / Δ π V (perhaps on very tight keyboards) as punctuation is accessed via option key on the B Row (or column in more commonly used than numbers. A claim is made a horizontal AEIOU cross) the B Row can carry for punctuation as a first strike and numbers accessed many more useful characters. Since the number of via shift or opt keys. Qwerty features numbers as special marks is quite large, the "B" Row can assume first strike characters, I claim the alternative where the burden of a selection of rarely used punctuation punctuation is the primary strike with numbers and symbols; however, it can bear any and all piggied and accessed by striking a shift, option or alt punctuation if needed.

key. Alternatively, I claim the numbers be accessed

not by the shift key but by an alt or option or The B row begins with the letter B on the AEIOU dedicated number access key when numbers are cross OrrPad with a task of shouldering the B rated secondary strike characters piggied on other keys. marks and symbols.

I claim access to punctuation variants on a given key Since the accents in Roman alphabet languages do the method of the user striking the key through the not fall on the letters: B, F, J, P, V it is possible to queued marks until the desired punctuation choice assign that row to punctuation with use of accent or appears on the user's text. The user thus need not option keys. Additionally, the letters K, M, Q and X look at the keys to hunt and peck for the desired do not have accents in Roman languages. The Orr mark, but rather the user could simply remember a Pad design can allow users to memorize the fact that few morphological shapes such as dot, dash, slash most punctuation options can be located on the and curve or other shape and then tap that key until second row under all of the vowels. It is to be noted the desired variant appeared in the user's text. that it is already the habit of users of qwerty to strike the shift key to access most punctuation options on

The user could keep eyes on the screen, not on the number keys. Rare exceptions may be accommodated keyboard; and by selecting and tapping the shape as in the Greek pi symbol n or the Icelandic -P option closest to the desired mark the user may locate any as well as % hosted on the letter P. Punctuation may punctuation mark desired. The typist can see the also be found, as is custom on dedicated keys, on morphological variants in the actual text rotate and numerals and as select options.

stop tapping when the desired mark appears.

The ' free' four-corner keys can handle punctuation or

Should the user type too quickly and skip over the punctuation may be dropped to the function keys on desired mark, the user may use the delete button to lower rows if the pad allows space for more rows. backspace to the desired mark or the user may

continue to tap through the rotating queue of choices See in first pad, that the OrrPad with All Roman on that key until the desired mark reappears again. If Accents leaves the 'B" row free for other work, while the user needs multiple of any one mark such as in the next pad, the B row, other keys are populated three dots to create an ellipse, the user need only with all marks of the standard Qwerty:

hold the key down to get multiple strikes of one

mark. If the user needs multiple strikes of a mark

deeper in the queue, for example in the third

position; the user merely taps three times and holds

the key down on the third tap to achieve multiple

strikes of the third position mark. Morphological

Punctuation queue keys can be on a dedicated

punctuation row or column or mixed anywhere the

manufacturer or user chooses punctuation to be


I also claim below the dedicated B, F, J, P, V

punctuation row; or other row, column or block.

Figure imgf000105_0001
Figure imgf000106_0001
OrrPad Punctuation - Scientific Calculator

ORR PAD SCIENTIFIC CALCULATOR: The Orr have been given in other arenas as symbols of calculator can have any of the options of a universality may be used for more "universal" business or scientific calculator; but unlike other general functions such as +- and sci. An calculators, the Orr calculator features the example of a shape mnemonic is as follows: Q following aids; all of which are helpful to the bears a visual resemblance to Θ and % are thus disabled in locating keys, as an underlying located clustered with Q.

system of logic is given.

16.2. Scientific & Business Functions given

16.1 Alphabetical Function Location- here are examples of how to apply the Orr Functions are listed as logically as possible with method of combining an alphanumeric keypad the first way being to look under the letter with a calculator and the Orr method of function heading of the function according to location. However, functions are not just alphabetical order. The name of the function can restricted to the functions given in these be matched to the letter of the key face. This examples. Any other function is claimed when feature makes it substantially easier to find employing the On method. Other functions functions. For example, "exponent" is found deemed necessary by a user or manufacturer under the letter key E. "Cosine" is found under may be incorporated into a keypad by the Orr C. "Radians" is found under R. "Tangent" under method.

T and so forth. Any function or symbol needed

on a calculator can be organized in the Orr 16.2.2. Orr Calculator Specialized Layers alpha-proximate locator system. may be changed with an option key; in the same way we change language character sets in order

16.1 .1 Piggybacking of Functions- If and when to access the specialized calculators such as: the target alphabetical order key already has an everyman calculator, tax, stock-market, loan, occupant function, secondary and additional investment, actuary or other business functions under that same letter may be calculators, a real estate calculator, engineering piggybacked and found with shift or option calculator, a graphing calculator, astronomical keys. Symbols for functions found by using calculator, etc. Additional functions may be shift and option keys may be shown on the face substituted, custom-programmed, or added by of the keys in the corner or may just be seen shifting and/or adding another change of after striking the shift or option character/function layer.

16.1.2 Proximal Alphabetical Location of 16.3 The Alphanumeric Typing Calculator. Functions- In addition to, or alternatively; The idea of placing a scientific or business functions may be located on adjacent keys calculator on top on an alphanumeric keypad laterally or diagonally in keeping with an also provides for a keypad with which to type approximate alphabetical order; so that text. The Orr Scientific Calculator can type text functions are clustered adjacently in the of any usual purpose, and for accounting may environs of the alphabetical target. In the type text headings, to identify a list of accounted example below, D is already occupied by items or more fully describe a mathematical "decimal"; so an additional function, "degree", problem.

was located diagonally adjacently under G.

This way, users can find most functions by 16.3.1 Word Problems- The Orr Pad also looking for them alphabetically and then enables the technology to read, write, understand shifting or looking on adjacent keys. and solve word problems, such as "What is 5% of 100?" just by typing in the text of the

16.1.3 Shape & Concept Location of question, or with voice recognition, asking the Functions- In addition to looking in question verbally. The Orr alphanumeric alphabetical order, including an alpha-proximate keypad claims these features. Can be compatible adjacent key search, and option or shift keys; with existing word problem software such as the next locator mnemonics are ideas, shape or Math Cad.

sound, etc. For example, letters O and U; which

Figure imgf000108_0001
OrrPad Punctuation - Scientific Calculator

MATHEMATICAL FUNCTIONS can be found Because Orr Pad introduces a common way to using Orr Pad host clustering. For example sine organize letters and functions, scientific symbols or square root is to be found clustered with the may be accessed as selectable text options found letter "S", etc. Math function option key(s) may under each letter; accessed by the Sequential be dedicated or any Orr Pad sequential option Shift, a Dedicated Accent or math function key. key used for accents or punctuation will allow Additionally, when calculations are desired, one access to mathematical functions. Alternatively, may access scientific functions in calculator a display scroll method may be the tool to select mode and punctuation or accents when in text mathematical functions. mode.

Figure imgf000109_0001


CLAIMS this keyboard are claimed for that device, plus there are devices made possible by OrrPad. Plus, there are other OrrPad innovations, such as
The new use of the 5x6-6x5 grid as the
Morphological Punctuation, Sequential Shift, nucleus of a global keyboard platform and
post letter Accent Access, specific device method, to solve the need of a one-hand
combinations, that are actually stand alone and keyboard as a general purpose writing tool, as an
are not required as part of the "platform" and alternative or supplement to the current standard
need to be kept separate in the claims.
10x3 grid global keyboard platform, which with
its wide form-factor cannot offer best-mode one-
The platform claim is any 5x6-6x5 layout when hand use. There are a number of 5x6 or 6x5
combined with function keys sufficient to layouts in the prior art but none could enjoy
control a PC.
adoption by the computer industry absent a
sufficiently developed system to prove the new
Attributes of a 5x6-6x5 global keyboard form factor and its applicability to all languages.
platform are:
The platform is comprised of the following
A System of Layouts of the world's writing classes of attributes below, from which
systems on the 5x6-6x5 grid sufficient to serve combinations of elements of the attributes may
the majority of the world's population, be variably selected, and or its methods or
teaching modules applied on a keyboard
embodied for a given device, application, geo-
linguistic market or purpose; as it is unlikely or
A novel use of the AEIOU-consonant cross of only rarely that the entirety of all attributes of
the Roman (Latin) alphabet on a 5x6 grid, and a the global keyboard platform be embodied at
novel or new-use of the AEIOU-consonant cross once.
on a 6x5 grid as the nucleus for a global keyboard platform.
Global keyboard Platform Claim Summary:
Claimed are novel mnemonic layout
I teach how to achieve a global keyboard
arrangement with the cross position of platform with the 5x6-6x5 grid as host to replace
consonants at the incident of vowels in or supplement the current 10x3 standard, which
alphabetical order. The AEIOU-consonant cross is also a global keyboard platform, because the
is claimed as a new-use of this technique to proposed 5x6-6x5 platform offers improved
serve as a global keyboard platform for the one-hand use, not possible on the too-wide
writing systems of Roman (Latin), Greek, 10x3, and thus the proposed new platform offers
Cyrillic and their derivative languages, and so the opportunity to invent new devices hampered
claimed. Some layouts may have piggybacked by the 10x3.
letters and or near alphabetical order. Also claimed is a calculator that offers Greek letters
The new platform must be the 5x6-6x5 nucleus,
on a Roman layout to provide a writing tool as convert the major writing systems into a system
part of the calculator, and also organize of layout arrangements (ideally mnemonic),
mathematical functions alphabetically in Roman offer accent and punctuation access, and resolve
order, with Greek letters hosted on the Roman the idiosyncrasies of specific languages as they
letters for scientific use.
are rolled out. Furthermore, it must offer
function modifier keys chords to control a PC or
CHINESE: of the Chinese OrrPad include a new- other devices or applications, as needed; but not
use of Chinese Canjie, Wubi, and Stroke necessarily for all applications or devices, so it
methods by conversion to the 5x6-6x5 global must be flexible. The prior art using a 5x6-6x5
keyboard platform.
grid does not show function keys sufficient to
control a PC. Additionally, specific devices with JAPANESE: claims a new-use of the AEUIO when required by users, or when a two-handed Syllabic Order on the 5x6-6x5 global keyboard embodiment is needed, in: 5x7, 5x8, 5x9, 6x5, platform, syllabic system is converted in new 6x6, 6x7, 6x8. Key inventive steps are the same and familiar ways to the 5x6-6x5 platform with on expanded embodiments as on the 5x6-6x5 options for smaller and expanded keyboards. layouts.
Covered is Hiragana, Katakana and Romaji.
(The 2500 Chinese character used in Japan is SEMITIC writing systems including and Hebrew, accessed using a Chinese OrrPad method.) The and Arabic script languages and their derivative Japanese OrrPad offers expanded versions of languages are claimed when organized on a 5x5, their 5x6-6x5 embodiments in 5x8, 8x5 and 5x9, 5x6 or 6x5 keyboard platform and or by using provided as a necessary part of the system, the OrrPad method and techniques.
where the 5x6-6x5 organizational logic is the
same, but users will require that the keyboard In addition to the conversion of the world's platform offer a layout version allowing more writing systems to a common platform using syllables to have their own dedicated key face, numerous claimed techniques as a method, also or as a two-handed version. claimed are methods of organizing other keys essential to writing purposes and operation of
KOREAN: layouts are claimed by OrrPad using a devices.
technique of block positioning on a 5x5, 5x6 or
6x5 grid. Other Keys necessary for a writing tool and input or control of a device, including: Accent
BRAHMI writing systems and their derivative access, punctuation production, and function scripts and languages are converted to compact keys:
mnemonic layouts claiming a new-use of the
places of articulation to fit on a global keyboard (i) Accent Access methods of OrrPad.
(ii) Punctuation methods of OrrPad.
The first inventive step of the Brahmi OrrPad
method is to map the five places of articulation (iii) Function keys, sufficient to the purpose, of the Brahmi consonants (1 -Guttural, 2-Palatal, and arranged in accessible function modifier 3-Cerebral, 4-Dental, and 5-Labial) to five rows chords needed for writing purposes or to control or columns in several mnemonic patterns, which a PC or other device.
is not possible on the 10x3 Qwerty platform.
Each consonant shift is in familiar pairs. Primary Teaching Modules convey an understanding of vowels are laid according to a combination of the world's writing systems, their demographics order and morphology with variants of each and construction to serve the OrrPad methods shape accessed by construction with a diacritic for creating keyboards for a new global shift and diacritic keys, which can also be keyboard platform. The science of motor-skill morphologically organized. and tool use, methods of making mnemonic layouts, and geo-linguistic background is
The 5x5 diacritic 6th is a construction method provided to teach how to add to the platform so which allows composition of characters by half that new languages, devices and purposes can be letters and a diacritic 64 row or column, which served.
may be placed furthermost or adjacently to
vowels. NEW DEVICES enabled by OrrPad are described within and are also claimed.
The Brahmi OrrPad must offer expanded
versions of their 5x6-6x5 embodiments, METHOD AND TECHNIQUES of OrrPad are also provided as an essential option for users of the claimed to create a global keyboard platform. system, so that when the 5x6-6x5 is expanded This platform was hitherto unrecognized, even more syllables have their own dedicated keyface though parts of it are in the prior art, but not combined as a whole sufficient for utility as a global platform that can be adopted on a wide scale basis, until now.
OrrPad Applications: MousekeyPad, MousekeyDrive, OnePad, Phones, Disabilities, Accessibility- Part D 1 Musical Instrument, Hospitals, Military, Calc, Direct 41 1/91 1, Spacepad, Sample Scripts.
i CLAIM- OHM PAD SPECIAL APPLICATIONS of the 2a. OrrPad enabled Desktop Mousekeypad: OrrPad system including but not limited to:
2b. MousekeyPad or MousekeyDrive:
L The OrrPad system and/or any keypad or
A combinaiton MousekeyPad on a hard-drive. feature is claimed on any modality be it device,
mouse, phone, computer, handheld, tablet, vehicle,
2c. An iPhoiie enabled as a Mousekeypad or: display, cloud, or kiosk, as hardware or software.
3. MousekeyDrive: The camera can serve as
2, The MousekeyPad is a claimed invention of infrared or laser source.
Orrpad: which is a combination one hand keypad
and mouse. The MousekeyPad is claimed for any The two units are combined into one single- alphanumeric layout placed on a mouse, preferably handed unit to enable one-handed mouse-use and one handed. Non-OrrPad layouts also claimed. typing. The Mousekeypad was originally intended
The user may place the MousekeyPad on a desk to mostly for desktop use to eliminate the back-and- type and mouse with the same unit under one forth from the keyboard to separate mouse. It can hand. MousekeyPads may also be used hand-held also be integrated onto any device, laptop, PC, (one or two handed), operated remotely, or on a touchscreen or handheld.
touchscreen, or Internet. A phone may be turned
into a mouse-keypad. The MOUSEKEYPAD is an independent claim of the
Orr Pad keypad system for a combination mouse
The mouse can be a classic rolling or infrared with (any style) keypad.
mouse, or alternatively a top mounted ball or
toggle mouse, or any other mouse technology.
3. MousekeyDrive is claimed as a combination
The claim in this patent is the new use
keypad-and-mouse-in-one-hand combined with a combination of the pairing of a small (preferably
portable bootable hard drive other storage media. one handed capable) keypad on the top face of a
The MousekeyDrive has a keypad and mouse on a mouse, small phone, music-player (e.g. iPod or
hard drive allowing users to take their data and Zune, etc.) PDA, (e.g. Blackberry, Palm) TV
applications on the road and just plug into a remote control, calculator or other small device to
monitor to view their personal hard drive. The allow the user to use the device to type and mouse
MousekeyDrive allows users to retain all contents with one unit under one hand. Thus, users can use
of their hard-drive on this device, which also can their mouse-keypad-enabled phone, PDA, mouse,
serve as mousekeypad, to access the contents, by etc. to communicate with another computer.
interacting with a monitor, TV or a PC as a monitor only, without for security and portability.
A mouse-keypad can be omnimode meaning it
It can or need not have a phone.
may be one or more of the following: (1)
handheld, (2) employed by one or two hands, (3)
3a. MousekeyDrive or MousekeyPad:
wearable or carry-able, (4) placed on a desk, a lap,
or other generally horizontal surface, (5) mounted
on a wall or other vertically inclined surface (6)
mounted in a vehicle (7) mounted on or in an
information or registration center, kiosk, computer,
4. OnePad: is a keypad, mouse and hard-drive ATM, phone, or other information or
with a viewing monitor. It may include a phone, communication device.
music player, camera, web browser and bootable
The keypad layout of a mousekeypad can be PC hard-drive (or next generation "drive"). This Qwerty or other design. However, the 5 key across unit allows individuals to carry everything with OrrPad layouts with vertical channeling of them: including their own hard drive, to just alphabetical order are best mode for the communicated with a monitor for full sized views, mousekeypad as it provides maximum omnimode or use as a mini hand-held computer with its small operation and mnemonic advantages to the user. built-in monitor when on the road. As the OrrPad layout was designed for the blind, typing can be
The MOUSEKEYPAD was a solution to the problem one handed or one thumb; with practice, without of juggling a two handed keyboard as well as an looking at the keys. The Orr Pad layouts enable independent mouse; a set-up that really requires a One Pad because of its motor-memory friendly 1 three hands; as users must type then change units or 2 hand multi-language design. However, a to the independent mouse: back and forth, back claim is made for any keypad layout placed on a and forth. Mouse or hard drive to create a One Pad.
PCT/IB2014/002239 2013-03-15 2014-03-18 A mnemonic relative position international keyboard system set on new focus field platform WO2014146140A2 (en)

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BR102016029655A2 (en) * 2016-12-16 2018-07-17 Hissao Shinsato Helio in alphanumeric keyboard layout

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US7137555B2 (en) * 2000-02-28 2006-11-21 Psc Scanning, Inc. Multi-format bar code reader
US20050057508A1 (en) * 2003-09-12 2005-03-17 Kim Taek Sung Multiple keypad mouse system
US20080120448A1 (en) * 2006-11-21 2008-05-22 Microsoft Corporation Remote mouse and keyboard using bluetooth
US20100001006A1 (en) * 2008-07-02 2010-01-07 Thomas James Workens Non-stick pattern-effect surface
US20100241868A1 (en) * 2009-03-19 2010-09-23 Hani Nachef Method and apparatus for storing, managing, and securing personal information
US8508478B2 (en) * 2009-09-25 2013-08-13 At&T Intellectual Property I, Lp Devices, systems and methods for remote control input
WO2011109643A1 (en) * 2010-03-03 2011-09-09 Twitch Technologies Llc Matrix keyboarding system
US20110279224A1 (en) * 2010-05-14 2011-11-17 Koreafirstec Co., Ltd. Remote control method and apparatus using smartphone
CN101950203A (en) * 2010-09-20 2011-01-19 于熙宁;于永丰 Computer, mobile phone and mouse integrative multifunctional keyboard
US20120282914A1 (en) * 2011-05-06 2012-11-08 Lael Andrew Alexander Smart phone companion loop

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